Background: Malformations of cortical development comprise phenotypically heterogeneous conditions, and the diagnostic value of genetic testing in blood still remains to be elucidated. We used targeted gene sequencing to identify malformations of cortical development caused by germline mutations and characteristics associated with pathogenic mutations. Methods: A total of 81 patients with malformations of cortical development were included. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood. Ninety-six genes were assessed using a targeted next-generation sequencing panel. Single-nucleotide variants and exonic and chromosomal copy number variations were examined with our customized pipeline. Results: Genetic causes were identified from blood in 19 (23.5%) patients with malformations of cortical development; 14 patients had pathogenic or likely pathogenic single-nucleotide variants in seven genes, including DCX (n = 5), DEPDC5 (n = 2), PAFAH1B1 (n = 3), TUBA1A (n = 1), TUBA8 (n = 1), TUBB2B (n = 1), and TUBB3 (n = 1). Five patients had pathogenic copy number variations. Multifocal involvement of the lesion (tangential distribution, P < 0.001) and concurrent involvement of multiple structures such as the cortex, white matter, and ventricle (radial distribution, P = 0.003) were more commonly found in patients with identified genetic causes. Intellectual disability was also more commonly associated with pathogenic mutations (P = 0.048). In a multivariable regression analysis, both tangential and radial radiological distribution of malformations of cortical development were independently associated with positive germline test results. Conclusion: We identified germline mutations in almost one-fourth of our patients with malformations of cortical development by using targeted gene sequencing. Germline abnormalities were more likely found in patients who had multifocal malformations of cortical development.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Feb|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding source: This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI18C0586).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology