Background. To date, there has been much controversy about the role of crescentic lesion as a significant prognostic factor in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). This study evaluated whether crescentic lesions predict adverse renal outcomes in IgAN patients. Methods. A total of 430 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN between January 2000 and December 2009 were included. Histological variables of the Oxford classification (Oxford-MEST) and the presence of crescents were assessed. The primary endpoint was a 50% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate. Results. Of the 430 patients, 81 (18.8%) had a crescentic lesion. During a mean follow-up of 61 months, the primary outcome occurred in 19 (23.5%) patients with crescents compared with 40 (11.5%) patients without crescents (P = 0.01). A Kaplan-Meier plot showed that the 10-year renal survival rate was significantly lower in patients with crescents than patients without crescents (P = 0.01). However, in a multivariable Cox analysis which included clinical factors and the Oxford-MEST, crescents were not significantly associated with an increased risk of developing the primary outcome [hazard ratio: 0.71, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.36-1.41, P = 0.33]. Furthermore, adding crescents to the Oxford-MEST did not improve the discriminative ability for the prediction of renal outcomes [c-statistic: 0.86 (0.81-0.91) vs. 0.86 (0.80-0.91), P = 0.21].ConclusionCrescentic lesion was not an independent prognostic factor, suggesting that crescents have limited value in predicting renal outcomes of IgAN.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a faculty research grant from Yonsei University College of Medicine for 2012 (6-2012-0033); and by a grant from the Korea Healthcare Technology
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