Background: We assessed the rate of and predictors for all-cause mortality in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) receiving plasma exchange (PLEX) and evaluated the survival benefit of PLEX for diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) between AAV patients receiving PLEX and those not receiving PLEX. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 212 patients with AAV. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data at the time of PLEX were collected from nine patients receiving PLEX, six of whom had DAH. The follow-up duration was defined as the period from the time of PLEX or DAH occurrence to death for the deceased patients and to the last visit for the survived patients. Results: The median age of nine AAV patients receiving PLEX was 71.0 years, and five patients were men. Four of nine patients receiving PLEX died at a median follow-up duration of 92.0 days. Three patients died of sepsis and one died owing to a lack of response to PLEX. When patients with DAH receiving or not receiving PLEX were compared, there were no significant differences in variables between the two groups. The cumulative patients' survival rate between patients with DAH receiving and not receiving PLEX were also compared using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis; however, no survival-benefit of PLEX for DAH was observed. Conclusion: The rate of all-cause mortality in nine AAV patients receiving PLEX was found to be 44.4% and the notion that PLEX is beneficial for the improvement in the prognosis of AAV-related DAH was deemed controversial.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine