Clinical meaning of BRAF mutation in Korean patients with advanced colorectal cancer

Bun Kim, Soo Jung Park, Jae Hee Cheon, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim, Sung Pil Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer (CRC) with a v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) mutation and its molecular interaction with microsatellite instability (MSI) and v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) in patients with advanced CRCs. Methods: From October 2009 to December 2011, 141 patients with stage III (n = 51) or IV (n = 90) CRCs who were tested for the BRAF mutation at Severance Hospital were included. Among 141 patients, five were excluded due to follow-up loss. Therefore, 136 patients were included in the study. The clinicopathological data, MSI status, and KRAS/BRAF mutation status were reviewed retrospectively. In addition, to evaluating the value of BRAF mutation status, progression-free survival and overall survival in all patients were collected and compared between the BRAF wild-type group and BRAF mutation group. Results: Of 136 patients, 80 (58.8%) were male and the mean age was 59 years. BRAF and KRAS mutations were detected in 9.6% and 35.3% of patients, respectively. Only 4.3% of patients had MSI-high tumors and there were no MSI-high in tumors with a BRAF mutation. BRAF mutations tended to be more frequent in stage IV than in stage III (11.76% vs 5.88%, P = 0.370). Patients with a BRAF mutation had a lower incidence of KRAS mutation than those without (7.69% vs 38.21%, P = 0.033). Overall survival was significantly shorter in the BRAF mutation group than in the BRAF wild-type group both by univariate analysis (P = 0.041) and multivariate analysis (HR = 2.195; 95%CI: 1.039-4.640; P = 0.039), while progression-free survival was not different according to BRAF mutation status. Conclusion: CRCs with a BRAF mutation have distinct molecular features and resulted in a poor prognosis in Korean patients with advanced CRC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4370-4376
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume20
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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