Clinical outcome and ischemic complication after treatment of anterior choroidal artery aneurysm: Comparison between surgical clipping and endovascular coiling

B. M. Kim, D. I. Kim, Yong Sam Shin, E. C. Chung, D. J. Kim, S. H. Suh, S. Y. Kim, S. I. Park, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Won

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although coiling has been favorably comparable with clipping for treatment of most intracranial aneurysms, there is a controversy on which modality is safer for anterior choroidal artery (AchoA) aneurysm. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes and treatment-related complications after surgical clipping and endovascular coiling of AchoA aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three AchoA aneurysms were recruited from 1895 intracranial aneurysms, which were treated either by surgical clipping or by endovascular coiling in 4 institutions between May 1999 and December 2006. The AchoA aneurysms were dichotomized according to the modality of treatment, the coil group (37 patients; 38 aneurysms) and the clip group (35 patients; 35 aneurysms). Clinical outcomes and incidence of treatment-related complications between 2 groups and the factors influencing the clinical outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: There was no rebleeding in both groups during follow-up, for 4-72 months (mean, 27 months) in the coil group and for 3-84 months (mean, 34 months) in the clip group. In the coil group, 31 patients (83.8%) had favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score [mRS], 0-3). In the clip group, 31 patients (88.6%) had favorable outcome. The complication of coiling was transient contralateral hemiparesis in 2 patients, who recovered completely. The complications of clipping were permanent contralateral hemiparesis due to AchoA infarction in 4 patients and third-nerve palsy in 1 patient. Hunt and Hess grade 4 or 5 and AchoA infarction were significantly correlated with poor outcome (mRS, ≤4). Clipping had significantly higher incidence of AchoA infarction than coiling (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Coiling of AchoA aneurysms appears comparable with clipping in clinical outcome and prevention of rebleeding, with significantly lower incidence of AchoA infarction than clipping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-290
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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