Clinical outcomes of immediate transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy after suction loss during small-incision lenticule extraction

Byunghoon Chung, David Sung Yong Kang, Joon Hyun Kim, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Seung Ki Jean, Ikhyun Jun, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Kang Yoon Kim, Tae Im Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the surgical outcomes of immediate transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) after suction loss during small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and compare the outcomes with those of uneventful SMILE. SETTING: Eyereum Eye Clinic, Seoul, South Korea. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: This study included 24 eyes of 12 patients who had uneventful SMILE in one eye and immediate transepithelial PRK after the development of suction loss during the lenticule cut in the contralateral eye. Visual acuity assessments, manifest refraction, and measurements of corneal wavefront aberrations were performed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: At 6 months, the mean uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and spherical equivalent were -0.04 ± 0.05, -0.09 ± 0.05, and -0.02 ± 0.24 diopter (D), respectively, in the transepithelial PRK group and -0.10 ± 0.07, -0.06 ± 0.07, and -0.04 ± 0.17 D, respectively (P = .036, P = .109, and P = .671, respectively), in the uneventful SMILE group. The 6-month Snellen UDVA was better than 20/20 for 11 (92%) and 12 (100%) of eyes in the transepithelial PRK and uneventful SMILE groups, respectively. All 24 eyes showed unchanged or improved CDVA and a significant increase in the total corneal higher-order aberrations postoperatively. Corneal spherical aberrations exhibited a significant postoperative increase only in the transepithelial PRK group. CONCLUSIONS: Immediate transepithelial PRK after early suction loss during SMILE might be safe and effective, with refractive outcomes that are comparable with those after uneventful SMILE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-761
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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