Purpose: To evaluate the clinical outcomes, vector parameters, and aberrations between mechanical photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and transepithelial PRK in eyes with low myopia. Setting: Yonsei University College of Medicine and Eyereum Eye Clinic, Seoul, Korea. Design: Retrospective, comparative case series. Methods: Eighty-four eyes of 84 patients with low myopia (≤2.00 diopters) were treated with mechanical or transepithelial PRK (41 eyes and 43 eyes, respectively), with the application of a large optical zone (OZ). Visual acuity, manifest refraction, slitlamp evaluation, autokeratometry, corneal topography, and the evaluation of corneal wavefront aberrations were measured preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. The efficacy, predictability, vector parameters, corneal aberrations, and safety at 6 months after surgery were compared between the two treatment groups. Results: The mean uncorrected distance visual acuity was comparable, at −0.13 ± 0.05 (SD) and −0.15 ± 0.05, in the mechanical and transepithelial PRK groups, respectively, at 6 months after surgery. The safety and efficacy indices, vector parameters, and aberrometric values were also comparable between the two groups. The OZ was large in both groups (7.09 ± 0.20 mm and 7.12 ± 0.27 mm in the mechanical PRK and transepithelial PRK groups, respectively), and showed no significant difference between groups. The corneal total root-mean-square higher-order aberrations and coma significantly reduced after treatment in both groups, and spherical aberrations significantly decreased after transepithelial PRK. Conclusions: Mechanical and transepithelial PRK with a large OZ provided effective and safe outcomes for the correction of low myopia without differences in visual acuity and refractive outcomes between procedures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems