Clinical practice in the use of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with colon cancer in South Korea: A multi-center, prospective, observational study

Jung Han Kim, Moo Jun Baek, Byung Kwon Ahn, Dae Dong Kim, Ik Yong Kim, Jin Soo Kim, Byung Noe Bae, Bong Gun Seo, Sang Hun Jung, Kwan Hee Hong, Hungdai Kim, Dong Guk Park, Ji Hye Lee

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Abstract

Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy is a crucial part of treatment for patients with locally advanced colon cancer. This study was conducted to investigate the actual practice in the use of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with high-risk stage II or stage III colon cancer in South Korea. Methods: This was a 24-month open-label, prospective, observational study conducted at 12 centers across South Korea. Patients with high-risk stage II and stage III colon cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy after curative surgery were included, and data were collected at baseline, third, and sixth month. Results: A total of 246 patients were included in the analyses. Of five available regimens (FOLFOX, CAPOX, 5-FU/LV, capecitabine, and UFT/LV), FOLFOX was most commonly used (82.5%). Investigators indicated the "efficacy" as the major cause for selecting FOLFOX or CAPOX. For 5-FU/LV, capecitabine, or UFT/LV, the "safety" or "patient's characteristics (age, comorbidity, and stage)" was one of the most important selecting factors. Patients receiving 5-FU/LV, capecitabine, or UFT/LV had older age, worse PS and lower disease stage (stage II) than patients receiving FOLFOX or CAPOX. Hematologic toxicities were the most common cause of dose adjustment and treatment delay. Conclusions: In South Korea, FOLFOX was the most commonly used regimen for adjuvant chemotherapy and its efficacy was the main cause for selecting this regimen. Patients receiving 5-FU/LV, capecitabine, or UFT/LV had older age, worse PS and lower disease stage (stage II) than patients receiving FOLFOX or CAPOX.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-143.pdf
JournalJournal of Cancer
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

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    Kim, J. H., Baek, M. J., Ahn, B. K., Kim, D. D., Kim, I. Y., Kim, J. S., Bae, B. N., Seo, B. G., Jung, S. H., Hong, K. H., Kim, H., Park, D. G., & Lee, J. H. (2016). Clinical practice in the use of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with colon cancer in South Korea: A multi-center, prospective, observational study. Journal of Cancer, 7(2), 136-143.pdf. https://doi.org/10.7150/jca.13405