Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of programmed death ligand-1 expression in breast cancer: A meta-analysis

Hye Min Kim, Jinae Lee, Ja Seung Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) may be a useful molecule for targeted immunotherapy. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to investigate PD-L1 expression in breast cancer and its associations with clinicopathological factors and outcomes, which may help determine whether PD-L1 expression is a useful prognostic marker. Methods: The Medline Ovid, Cochrane, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for studies that evaluated the prognostic or clinicopathological significance of PD-L1 expression in patients with breast cancer, and reported at least one survival-related outcome. Results: Six studies that included 7877 cases were selected for the analysis. Higher PD-L1 expression in all cells was related to higher histological grade and lymph node metastasis. Higher PD-L1 expression in tumor cell was related to larger tumor size, estrogen receptor negativity, progesterone receptor negativity, human epidermal growth factor type-2 positivity, and triple-negative breast cancer. PD-L1 positivity in all cells was associated with poorer disease-free survival, although it was not significantly associated with overall survival. Conclusion: The present meta-analysis revealed that cases of breast cancer with PD-L1 positivity in all cells exhibited higher histological grades, lymph node metastasis, and poorer disease-free survival. Therefore, positive expression of PD-L1 may be a useful prognostic marker in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number690
JournalBMC cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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