Clonal spread of both oxyimino-cephalosporin- and cefoxitin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates co-producing SHV-2a and DHA-1 β-lactamase at a burns intensive care unit

Wonkeun Song, Kyu Man Lee, Han Sung Kim, Jae Seok Kim, Jonghyun Kim, Seok Hoon Jeong, Kyoung Ho Roh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over a 1-month period, a total of 16 ceftriaxone- and cefoxitin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were isolated from 15 patients hospitalised at a burns intensive care unit (ICU). These isolates showed negative results for extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) by the Vitek system and were highly resistant to ceftazidime, aztreonam and cefoxitin (minimum inhibitory concentrations ≥128 μg/mL). The blaSHV-2a and blaDHA-1 genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles of the isolates were identical. AmpC disk tests for AmpC enzymes as well as double-disk tests and Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) confirmatory disk tests for ESBLs yielded positive results for all the isolates. However, only three isolates (18.8%) were shown to produce ESBL by CLSI confirmatory tests using broth microdilution. We report the first outbreak of colonisations and infections due to K. pneumoniae isolates co-producing an SHV-2a ESBL and a DHA-1 AmpC β-lactamase in a Korean hospital, which were suggested to represent a single clonal spread at a burns ICU. In addition, this report presents problems associated with ESBL detection using broth microdilution in isolates that co-produce an ESBL and an AmpC β-lactamase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-524
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 1

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Cefoxitin
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Cephalosporins
Burns
Intensive Care Units
Aztreonam
Ceftazidime
Ceftriaxone
Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Disease Outbreaks
Sequence Analysis
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Enzymes
Infection
Genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Clonal spread of both oxyimino-cephalosporin- and cefoxitin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates co-producing SHV-2a and DHA-1 β-lactamase at a burns intensive care unit",
abstract = "Over a 1-month period, a total of 16 ceftriaxone- and cefoxitin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were isolated from 15 patients hospitalised at a burns intensive care unit (ICU). These isolates showed negative results for extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) by the Vitek system and were highly resistant to ceftazidime, aztreonam and cefoxitin (minimum inhibitory concentrations ≥128 μg/mL). The blaSHV-2a and blaDHA-1 genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles of the isolates were identical. AmpC disk tests for AmpC enzymes as well as double-disk tests and Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) confirmatory disk tests for ESBLs yielded positive results for all the isolates. However, only three isolates (18.8{\%}) were shown to produce ESBL by CLSI confirmatory tests using broth microdilution. We report the first outbreak of colonisations and infections due to K. pneumoniae isolates co-producing an SHV-2a ESBL and a DHA-1 AmpC β-lactamase in a Korean hospital, which were suggested to represent a single clonal spread at a burns ICU. In addition, this report presents problems associated with ESBL detection using broth microdilution in isolates that co-produce an ESBL and an AmpC β-lactamase.",
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Clonal spread of both oxyimino-cephalosporin- and cefoxitin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates co-producing SHV-2a and DHA-1 β-lactamase at a burns intensive care unit. / Song, Wonkeun; Lee, Kyu Man; Kim, Han Sung; Kim, Jae Seok; Kim, Jonghyun; Jeong, Seok Hoon; Roh, Kyoung Ho.

In: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, Vol. 28, No. 6, 01.12.2006, p. 520-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Song, Wonkeun

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AU - Kim, Han Sung

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AU - Roh, Kyoung Ho

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N2 - Over a 1-month period, a total of 16 ceftriaxone- and cefoxitin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were isolated from 15 patients hospitalised at a burns intensive care unit (ICU). These isolates showed negative results for extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) by the Vitek system and were highly resistant to ceftazidime, aztreonam and cefoxitin (minimum inhibitory concentrations ≥128 μg/mL). The blaSHV-2a and blaDHA-1 genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles of the isolates were identical. AmpC disk tests for AmpC enzymes as well as double-disk tests and Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) confirmatory disk tests for ESBLs yielded positive results for all the isolates. However, only three isolates (18.8%) were shown to produce ESBL by CLSI confirmatory tests using broth microdilution. We report the first outbreak of colonisations and infections due to K. pneumoniae isolates co-producing an SHV-2a ESBL and a DHA-1 AmpC β-lactamase in a Korean hospital, which were suggested to represent a single clonal spread at a burns ICU. In addition, this report presents problems associated with ESBL detection using broth microdilution in isolates that co-produce an ESBL and an AmpC β-lactamase.

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