Topological insulator (TI), a band insulator with topologically protected edge states, is one of the most interesting materials in the field of condensed matter. Bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3) is the most spotlighted three-dimensional TI material; it has a Dirac cone at each top and bottom surface and a relatively wide bandgap. For application, suppression of the bulk effect is crucial, but in ultrathin TI materials, with thicknesses less than 3 QL, the finite size effect works on the linear dispersion of the surface states, so that the surface band has a finite bandgap because of the hybridization between the top and bottom surface states and Rashba splitting, resulting from the structure inversion asymmetry. Here, we studied the gapless top surface Dirac state of strained 3 QL Bi2Se3/graphene heterostructures. A strain caused by the graphene layer reduces the bandgap of surface states, and the band bending resulting from the charge transfer at the Bi2Se3-graphene interface induces localization of surface states to each top and bottom layer to suppress the overlap of the two surface states. In addition, we verified the independent transport channel of the top surface Dirac state in Bi2Se3/graphene heterostructures by measuring the magneto-conductance. Our findings suggest that the strain and the proximity effect in TI/non-TI heterostructures may be feasible ways to engineer the topological surface states beyond the physical and topological thickness limit.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (Grant No. 2018R1A2A1A05023214) and the SRC program (vdWMRC Center, Grant No. 2017R1A5A1014862) by Samsung Research Funding Center of Samsung Electronics under Project No. SRFC-MA1502-01. We thank Hee-Suk Chung at the Korea Basic Science Institute for technical assistance with STEM, Byeong-Gyu Park at the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory for technical assistance with ARPES, and Korea Institute for Advanced Study for providing computing resources (KIAS Center for Advanced Computation Linux Cluster System).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)