Co-electrospun Pd-coated porous carbon nanofibers for hydrogen storage applications

Hongyeun Kim, Daehee Lee, Joo Ho Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrospinning produces sub-micron sized continuous fibers from polymer solutions or melt by electric force. Due to its versatility and cost-effectiveness, this method has been recently adopted for the fabrication of one-dimensional materials. Here, we fabricated polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer fibers from which uniform nanoporous carbon fibers with diameters of 100-200 nm were obtained after carbonization at 800 °C in Ar + H2O. Water vapor was injected during carbonization to be utilized as a nanoscale pore former. Additionally, a direct coating method using palladium nanoparticles on the carbon fibers was developed. Palladium salt solution was electrosprayed during the electrospinning of the polymer fibers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy were used to confirm surface chemical composition and degree of carbonization. The specific surface area of the palladium coated carbon fibers was 815.6 m2/g. Reversible hydrogen adsorption capacity was determined to be 0.35 wt% at 298 K, 0.1 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3566-3573
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Carbon nanofibers
carbonization
Carbonization
Hydrogen storage
carbon fibers
Palladium
Carbon fibers
palladium
Electrospinning
fibers
Fibers
carbon
polymers
hydrogen
cost effectiveness
polyacrylonitrile
Polymer melts
Polyacrylonitriles
Polymers
versatility

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

@article{0a480b9478a345e0ac51cf905b61a4c2,
title = "Co-electrospun Pd-coated porous carbon nanofibers for hydrogen storage applications",
abstract = "Electrospinning produces sub-micron sized continuous fibers from polymer solutions or melt by electric force. Due to its versatility and cost-effectiveness, this method has been recently adopted for the fabrication of one-dimensional materials. Here, we fabricated polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer fibers from which uniform nanoporous carbon fibers with diameters of 100-200 nm were obtained after carbonization at 800 °C in Ar + H2O. Water vapor was injected during carbonization to be utilized as a nanoscale pore former. Additionally, a direct coating method using palladium nanoparticles on the carbon fibers was developed. Palladium salt solution was electrosprayed during the electrospinning of the polymer fibers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy were used to confirm surface chemical composition and degree of carbonization. The specific surface area of the palladium coated carbon fibers was 815.6 m2/g. Reversible hydrogen adsorption capacity was determined to be 0.35 wt{\%} at 298 K, 0.1 MPa.",
author = "Hongyeun Kim and Daehee Lee and Moon, {Joo Ho}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.12.041",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "3566--3573",
journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
issn = "0360-3199",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "5",

}

Co-electrospun Pd-coated porous carbon nanofibers for hydrogen storage applications. / Kim, Hongyeun; Lee, Daehee; Moon, Joo Ho.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 36, No. 5, 01.03.2011, p. 3566-3573.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Co-electrospun Pd-coated porous carbon nanofibers for hydrogen storage applications

AU - Kim, Hongyeun

AU - Lee, Daehee

AU - Moon, Joo Ho

PY - 2011/3/1

Y1 - 2011/3/1

N2 - Electrospinning produces sub-micron sized continuous fibers from polymer solutions or melt by electric force. Due to its versatility and cost-effectiveness, this method has been recently adopted for the fabrication of one-dimensional materials. Here, we fabricated polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer fibers from which uniform nanoporous carbon fibers with diameters of 100-200 nm were obtained after carbonization at 800 °C in Ar + H2O. Water vapor was injected during carbonization to be utilized as a nanoscale pore former. Additionally, a direct coating method using palladium nanoparticles on the carbon fibers was developed. Palladium salt solution was electrosprayed during the electrospinning of the polymer fibers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy were used to confirm surface chemical composition and degree of carbonization. The specific surface area of the palladium coated carbon fibers was 815.6 m2/g. Reversible hydrogen adsorption capacity was determined to be 0.35 wt% at 298 K, 0.1 MPa.

AB - Electrospinning produces sub-micron sized continuous fibers from polymer solutions or melt by electric force. Due to its versatility and cost-effectiveness, this method has been recently adopted for the fabrication of one-dimensional materials. Here, we fabricated polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer fibers from which uniform nanoporous carbon fibers with diameters of 100-200 nm were obtained after carbonization at 800 °C in Ar + H2O. Water vapor was injected during carbonization to be utilized as a nanoscale pore former. Additionally, a direct coating method using palladium nanoparticles on the carbon fibers was developed. Palladium salt solution was electrosprayed during the electrospinning of the polymer fibers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy were used to confirm surface chemical composition and degree of carbonization. The specific surface area of the palladium coated carbon fibers was 815.6 m2/g. Reversible hydrogen adsorption capacity was determined to be 0.35 wt% at 298 K, 0.1 MPa.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952241405&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952241405&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.12.041

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.12.041

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79952241405

VL - 36

SP - 3566

EP - 3573

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 5

ER -