Functional nanostructures of self-assembled block copolymers (BCPs) incorporated with various inorganic nanomaterials have received considerable attention on account of their many potential applications. Here we demonstrate the two-dimensional self-assembly of anisotropic titanium dioxide (TiO 2) nanocrystals (NCs) and metal nanoparticles (NPs) directed by monolayered poly(styrene)-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) copolymer inverse micelles. The independent position-selective assembly of TiO 2 NCs and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) preferentially in the intermicelle corona regions and the core of micelles, respectively, for instance, was accomplished by spin-coating a mixture solution of PS-b-P4VP and ex situ synthesized TiO 2 NCs, followed by the reduction of Ag salts coordinated in the cores of micelles into AgNPs. Hydrophobic TiO 2 NCs with a diameter and length of approximately 3 nm and 20-30 nm, respectively, were preferentially sequestered in the intermicelle nonpolar PS corona regions energetically favorable with the minimum entropic packing penalty. Subsequent high-temperature annealing at 550 °C not only effectively removed the block copolymer but also transformed the TiO 2 NCs into connected nanoparticles, thus leading to a two-dimensionally ordered TiO 2 network in which AgNPs were also self-organized. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of the AgNP-decorated TiO 2 networks by approximately 27 and 44 % over that of Ag-free TiO 2 networks and randomly deposited TiO 2 nanoparticles, respectively, was confirmed by the UV degradation property of methylene blue. Of micelles and metals: Coassembly of anisotropic TiO 2 nanocrystals and Ag nanoparticles was achieved in the corona and core regions of monolayered block copolymer micelles, respectively (see figure). Thermal heating removed the block copolymer and the resulting TiO 2 network nanostructure with Ag nanoparticles decorating its pores exhibited excellent photocatalytic performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry