The collagen-binding motif (CBM) peptide, a cleavage product of osteopontin (OPN), stimulated intracellular calcium increase in human neutrophils. CBM peptide-stimulated calcium was inhibited by pertussis toxin (PTX), suggesting the influence of PTX-sensitive G-proteins. In addition CBM peptide stimulated the chemotactic migration of human neutrophils and human monocytes. CBM peptide-induced neutrophil chemotaxis was completely inhibited by PTX, once again indicating the influence of Gi proteins. CBM peptide was also found to induce mitogen activated protein kinase activation. CBM peptide-induced neutrophil chemotaxis was mediated by p38 kinase as well as an extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase. Taken together, the results suggest that a cleavage product of OPN, CBM peptide, initiates immune responses by inducing neutrophil trafficking via certain PTX-sensitive cell surface receptors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology