Collateral circulation in total occlusion of the left anterior descending or right coronary artery.

J. W. Ha, S. Y. Cho, Yangsoo Jang, N. Chung, W. H. Shim, S. S. Kim

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Abstract

The functional significance of the collateral circulation was evaluated in 125 patients with total coronary occlusion. Patients were classified into two groups. Group 1:patients with angina pectoris (AP), Group 2:patients with a first transmural myocardial infarction (MI) within 3 months of the symptom onset. Clinical variables, resting and exercise electrocardiogram (EKG) were analyzed with angiographic findings. Collateral fillings were graded from 0 to 3: 0 = none; 1 = filling of side branches only; 2 = partial filling of the epicardial segment; 3 = complete filling of epicardial segment. The wall motion of each segment was scored from 1 to 5: 1 = normal; 2 = mild to moderate hypokinesia; 3 = severe hypokinesia; 4 = akinesia; 5 = dyskinesia. The scores of the 5 segments were added to yield a total LV score. There was a higher prevalence of good collaterals and multi-vessel disease in patients with AP than in those with MI (83% vs 53%, 54% vs 30%, respectively, p < 0.005). The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and segmental wall motion score were significantly better in patients with AP than in those with MI (68.9 +/- 13.4%, vs 50.5 +/- 12.6%, 15.0 +/- 7.3 mmHg vs 20.3 +/- 8.8 mmHg, 6.5 +/- 2.2 vs 9.6 +/- 2.3, respectively, p < 0.05). In spite of total coronary occlusion, 61% of AP patients had normal resting EKG but (96% of AP patients who underwent treadmill test proved positive. The proportions of well-developed collaterals in 3 groups divided according to the interval between onset of MI and angiography (within 1 day, 2 to 14 days, 15 days to 3 months) were 13%, 54% and 60%. There were no significant differences in LVEF, segmental wall motion score and LVEDP in MI patients with poorly-developed collaterals and well-developed collaterals (49.1 +/- 15.7% vs 46.4 +/- 10.1%, 11.1 +/- 2.2 vs 10.9 +/- 1.4 and 24.3 +/- 9.7 mmHg vs 20.3 +/- 7.0 mmHg, p = NS). The degree of collateral development was higher in MI with right coronary artery occlusion compared with that of left anterior descending artery occlusion (1.1 +/- 1.0 vs 2.0 +/- 1.0, p < 0.05). In conclusion, collateral circulation can prevent myocardial ischemia and preserve myocardial function in a significant number of patients with AP but do not provide protection against exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in the majority of patients with AP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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