Collateral impact of the COVID−19 pandemic on the use of healthcare resources among people with disabilities

Minjeong Sohn, Heejo Koo, Heekyoung Choi, Hyunsan Cho, Euna Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We assessed the collateral impact of the COVID−19 pandemic on healthcare service use among people with disabilities. Methods: We utilized the COVID−19 database from the Korean National Health Insurance Service claims from 2015 until June 2020. We included 5,850 people with disabilities and matched 5,850 without disabilities among those who were neither tested nor diagnosed with COVID−19. We used a quasi–experimental setting with a COVID−19 outbreak as an external event in a difference–difference estimation with matching controls. Results: Participants with disabilities recorded a larger decrease in the number of claims for total services (2.1 claims per 5 months) upon the COVID−19 pandemic's onset compared to those without disabilities (1.6 claims), and the difference–in–difference estimates were statistically significant (0.46 claims). The decline was driven by outpatient and emergency visits. The extent of the decline was large for the severe disability group overall. By disability type, those with a physical disability showed a statistically significant decline in the number of claims. Conclusion: The COVID−19 pandemic has had a collateral impact on people with disabilities' use of healthcare services. Continued assessment is needed regarding whether the collateral impact has been sustained or is following a different path.

Original languageEnglish
Article number922043
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug 3

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding was provided by the National Research Foundation of Korea (Grant no. 2022R1A2B5B0100125311) and the National Evidence–Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency (Grant no. HC20C0010).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Sohn, Koo, Choi, Cho and Han.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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