Park ES, Park CI, Cho S-R, Na S, Cho YS. Colonic transit time and constipation in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:453-6. Objectives To evaluate colonic motility and to investigate contributing factors to colonic dysmotility in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Design Cross-sectional study. Setting A university-based rehabilitation hospital. Participants Thirty-eight children with spastic CP. Interventions Not applicable. Main outcome measures Colonic transit time was measured by using a Sitzmarks. The nutrient intake during 3 consecutive days was analyzed by using the ESHA Food Processor program. Results A significant relationship between colon transit time and stool frequency was observed (P<.05). All children with constipation and 17 (60.8%) of 28 without constipation showed an abnormal segmental colon transit time in at least 1 segment of the colon. A transit time delay at the proximal segment of colon was remarkable in CP children with constipation. In children without constipation, a transit time delay was marked at the rectosigmoid colon only. Constipation and transit time delay were significantly related to ambulatory function (P<.05). Conclusions A transit time delay at total or segmental colon was frequently observed in children with CP. Constipation and colonic motility were related to ambulatory function.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by the Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine and the Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation