Color combination of conductive polymers for black electrochromism

Haijin Shin, Yuna Kim, Thiruvelu Bhuvana, Jiyea Lee, Xu Yang, Cheolmin Park, Eunkyoung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Conducting polymers that absorb three primary colors, red, green, and blue (RGB), were introduced with a yellow electrochromic polymer (Y) for the preparation of black electrochromic devices. Red poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and blue poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) were coated on one side of the electrode as a cathodically coloring electrochromic (EC) layer, while green poly(aniline-N-butylsulfonate) (PANBS) and yellow EC poly{[1,3-bis(9′, 9′-dihexylfluoren-20-yl)azulenyl]-alt-[2‴,7‴-(9‴, 9‴-dihexylfluorenyl]} (PDHFA) were coated on the opposite electrode to complete a complementary EC device. The yellow PDHFA layer effectively compensated for absorption below 450 nm and above the 600 nm region, which was lacking in the RGB electrode. The resultant RGBY ECD provided a black color near the CIE black with L*, a*, and b* values of 32, -1.1, and 3.7, respectively, covering a broad absorption in the visible range in the colored state. The state of the black EC device was maintained, even after the electricity was turned off for 200 h, showing stable memory effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-191
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 25

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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