Combination of gravitational SPLITT fractionation and field-flow fractionation for size-sorting and characterization of sea sediment

Myeong Hee Moon, Sung Gwon Yang, Jae Young Lee, Seungho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A combination of gravitational split-flow thin (SPLITT) fractionation and sedimentation/steric field-flow fractionation (Sd/StFFF) has been used for continuous size-sorting of a sediment sample and for size analysis of the collected fractions. An IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) sediment material was separated into four size fractions (with theoretical size ranges <1.0, 1.0-3.0, 3.0-5.0, and >5.0 μm in diameter) by means of a three-step gravitational SPLITT fractionation (GSF) for which the same GSF channel was used throughout. The GSF fractions were collected and examined by optical microscopy (OM) and by Sd/St FFF. The mean diameters of the GSF fractions measured by OM were within the size interval predicted by GSF theory, despite the theory assuming that all particles are spherical, which is not true for the sediment particles. The Sd/St FFF results showed that retention shifted toward shorter elution time (or larger size) than expected, probably because of the shape effect. The results from GSF, OM, and Sd/StFFF are discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1299-1304
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume381
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 1

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Field Flow Fractionation
Fractionation
Sorting
Oceans and Seas
Microscopy
Flow fields
Sediments
Nuclear Energy
Sample Size
Optical microscopy
Sedimentation
Nuclear energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Combination of gravitational SPLITT fractionation and field-flow fractionation for size-sorting and characterization of sea sediment",
abstract = "A combination of gravitational split-flow thin (SPLITT) fractionation and sedimentation/steric field-flow fractionation (Sd/StFFF) has been used for continuous size-sorting of a sediment sample and for size analysis of the collected fractions. An IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) sediment material was separated into four size fractions (with theoretical size ranges <1.0, 1.0-3.0, 3.0-5.0, and >5.0 μm in diameter) by means of a three-step gravitational SPLITT fractionation (GSF) for which the same GSF channel was used throughout. The GSF fractions were collected and examined by optical microscopy (OM) and by Sd/St FFF. The mean diameters of the GSF fractions measured by OM were within the size interval predicted by GSF theory, despite the theory assuming that all particles are spherical, which is not true for the sediment particles. The Sd/St FFF results showed that retention shifted toward shorter elution time (or larger size) than expected, probably because of the shape effect. The results from GSF, OM, and Sd/StFFF are discussed in detail.",
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Combination of gravitational SPLITT fractionation and field-flow fractionation for size-sorting and characterization of sea sediment. / Moon, Myeong Hee; Yang, Sung Gwon; Lee, Jae Young; Lee, Seungho.

In: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 381, No. 6, 01.03.2005, p. 1299-1304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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