Community health needs assessment: a nurses’ global health project in Vietnam

S. Cho, Hyeonkyeong Lee, S. Yoon, Y. Kim, P. F. Levin, E. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Global health has been directed to providing solutions to various health issues cross-nations, and nurses have received wide recognition as a key health workforce to reduce health disparities globally. Nurses involved in global health research are required to implement evidence-based global nursing practices based on the assessments of local health needs. Aim: To assess health needs and to suggest future interventions in rural communities of Vietnam. Methods: A multifaceted rapid participatory appraisal with information pyramid was used applying mixed methods from six sources: existing record review, surveys of community residents, surveys of healthcare providers, focus group discussions with community leaders, informal discussions with governmental health administrators and observations of community health station (CHS) facilities. Results: The majority used the CHSs as primary health facilities with high satisfaction for services currently provided. However, there were needs for the stations to provide more comprehensive services including chronic diseases, and for healthcare providers to improve their competences. Community leaders showed high interest in health information for chronic diseases and strong commitment to involvement in the activities for health of their communities. The findings suggest future interventions in the areas of the enhancement of CHS’ functions, human resources and the self-care capacity of community residents. Conclusion and policy implications: The rapid participatory appraisal approach emphasizing community participation and partnership was a useful tool to compile accurate information about the current needs of the community on health, the preparedness of healthcare services to meet community's demands and about community capacity. This process is fundamental to nurses, who initiate global health projects in resource-limited international countries, to generate evidences regarding practice, research and policy for taking responsibilities in promoting the sustainable development goals.

LanguageEnglish
Pages505-514
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Nursing Review
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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Needs Assessment
Vietnam
Nurses
Health
Health Facilities
Health Personnel
Chronic Disease
Evidence-Based Nursing
Health Manpower
Global Health
Conservation of Natural Resources
Rural Population
Self Care
Focus Groups
Administrative Personnel
Research
Mental Competency
Delivery of Health Care

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Cho, S. ; Lee, Hyeonkyeong ; Yoon, S. ; Kim, Y. ; Levin, P. F. ; Kim, E. / Community health needs assessment : a nurses’ global health project in Vietnam. In: International Nursing Review. 2018 ; Vol. 65, No. 4. pp. 505-514.
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Community health needs assessment : a nurses’ global health project in Vietnam. / Cho, S.; Lee, Hyeonkyeong; Yoon, S.; Kim, Y.; Levin, P. F.; Kim, E.

In: International Nursing Review, Vol. 65, No. 4, 01.12.2018, p. 505-514.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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