Fermentation of de-oiled Jatropha waste (DJW) hydrolyzate was carried out at 55 °C and pH 7 to evaluate the efficacy of the DJW pretreatment methods for enhancing the hydrogen production rate. The enzyme (7.5%) treated hydrolyzate showed a peak hydrogen production rate (HPR) and hydrogen yield (HY) of 5146 mL H2/L-d and 98 mL H2/g VSadded, respectively. The HCl (2.5%), H2SO4 (0.5%), ultrasonication (45 min), and heat treatment (100 °C, 45 min) treatments gave maximal HY of 43, 24, 23, and 34 mL H2/g VSadded, respectively. Further enzyme (5%) treatment of the acid (2%) unhydrolyzed biomass showed HPR of 2947 mL H2/L-d and HY of 106 mL H2/g VSadded. Besides, it was also observed that higher DJW concentrations during pretreatment, and higher butyrate levels in the fermentation process, led to increased release of reducing sugar and increased HPR, respectively. The total bioenergy production analysis revealed nearly 10-fold increase in the energy values with peak HPR and HY of 55 kJ/L-d and 1.0 kJ/g VSadded, respectively.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supports by Taiwan's Bureau of Energy (grant no. 102-D0616 ) and Taiwan's Ministry of Science and Technology ( NSC-102-2221-E-035-002-MY3 and NSC-102-2622E-035-016-CC1 ). We also thank Hua Neng Environmental Protection and Energy Technology Ltd., Taiwan for providing us the de-oiled Jatropha waste.
© 2015 Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology