Arsenic removal using Fe3O4-graphene oxide composite (M-GO) and Fe3O4-reduced graphene oxide composite (M-rGO) was investigated. The M-GO was more effective to adsorb both As(III) and As(V) than M-rGO, because the more functional groups existing on the M-GO could lead to synthesize more Fe3O4 with M-GO. As(III) was more favorable to be adsorbed than As(V) onto both M-GO and M-rGO. According to the effect of pH on arsenic removal, the electrostatic interaction between the positively charged surface of Fe3O4-graphene based adsorbents and anionic As(V) species was a major factor to adsorb As(V). The adsorption mechanism of As(III), on the other hand, was strongly affected by a surface complexation, rather than electrostatic interactions. Consequently, in terms of the process energy consumption, energy saving could be achieved via omitting the reduction process to fabricate M-rGO from M-GO and the pre-oxidation process to convert As(III) to As(V).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (2013R1A2A2A05006466) and Energy Efficiency & Resources of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea Government Ministry of Knowledge Economy (20142010102690).
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis