‘Eliska,’ an endangered black rhino (Diceros bicornis), died suddenly in Mkomazi National Park in Tanzania in 2016. Three Amblyomma gemma ticks were collected from Eliska's body, and four ticks were collected from the surrounding field. We conducted 16S rRNA targeted high-throughput sequencing to evaluate the overall composition of bacteria in the ticks' microbiomes and investigate whether the ticks could be the cause of Eliska's death. The ticks collected from Eliska's body and the field were found to differ in their bacterial composition. Bacillus chungangensis and B. pumilus were the most commonly found bacteria in the ticks collected from the field, and B. cereus and Lysinibacillus sphaericus were the most commonly found in the ticks collected from Eliska's body. The abundance was higher in the ticks collected from the field. In contrast, the equity was higher in the ticks collected from Eliska's body. No known pathogenic bacteria that could explain Eliska's sudden death were found in any of the ticks. The differences between the microbiome of ticks collected from Eliska's body and from the field indicate that the microbiome of ticks' changes through the consumption of blood.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Aug|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST; numbers NRF-2016R1A2B4016194 and NRF-2012M3A9B8021806 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Infectious Diseases