Comparative study of hepatitis C virus antibody between hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients.

H. Y. Lee, D. H. Kang, C. S. Park, K. Y. Kim, Shin-Wook Kang, H. S. Kim, K. H. Choi, S. K. Ha, D. S. Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have done cross sectional and prospective studies to determine the prevalence and the clinical significance of antibodies to the hepatitis C virus (Anti-HCV) in 54 hemodialysis (HD) patients and 227 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Fifteen patients (27.8%) were anti-HCV (+) among the HD group, and twelve patients (5.3%) were anti-HCV (+) among the CAPD group. In the HD group, the positivity of anti-HCV correlated with the duration of HD, but there was no significant correlation with the history of transfusion, the amount of transfusion and abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT). At the follow-up study in 164 cases (HD 50 cases, CAPD 114 cases) after 6 months, one of 14 anti-HCV (+) CAPD patients was converted to anti-HCV (-) and two of 35 anti-HCV (-) HD patients were converted to anti-HCV (+). In conclusion, the prevalence of anti-HCV was significantly higher in HD patients compared to CAPD patients, and the positivity for anti-HCV in HD patients correlated with the duration of HD. A regular follow-up of anti-HCV and isolation of anti-HCV (+) HD patients with a separate machine may be needed to prevent the transmission of the hepatitis C virus during hemodialysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-380
Number of pages10
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Jan 1

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Hepatitis C Antibodies
Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
Renal Dialysis
Alanine Transaminase
Hepacivirus
Cross-Sectional Studies
History
Prospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Lee, H. Y. ; Kang, D. H. ; Park, C. S. ; Kim, K. Y. ; Kang, Shin-Wook ; Kim, H. S. ; Choi, K. H. ; Ha, S. K. ; Han, D. S. / Comparative study of hepatitis C virus antibody between hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. In: Yonsei medical journal. 1993 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 371-380.
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abstract = "We have done cross sectional and prospective studies to determine the prevalence and the clinical significance of antibodies to the hepatitis C virus (Anti-HCV) in 54 hemodialysis (HD) patients and 227 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Fifteen patients (27.8{\%}) were anti-HCV (+) among the HD group, and twelve patients (5.3{\%}) were anti-HCV (+) among the CAPD group. In the HD group, the positivity of anti-HCV correlated with the duration of HD, but there was no significant correlation with the history of transfusion, the amount of transfusion and abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT). At the follow-up study in 164 cases (HD 50 cases, CAPD 114 cases) after 6 months, one of 14 anti-HCV (+) CAPD patients was converted to anti-HCV (-) and two of 35 anti-HCV (-) HD patients were converted to anti-HCV (+). In conclusion, the prevalence of anti-HCV was significantly higher in HD patients compared to CAPD patients, and the positivity for anti-HCV in HD patients correlated with the duration of HD. A regular follow-up of anti-HCV and isolation of anti-HCV (+) HD patients with a separate machine may be needed to prevent the transmission of the hepatitis C virus during hemodialysis.",
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Comparative study of hepatitis C virus antibody between hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. / Lee, H. Y.; Kang, D. H.; Park, C. S.; Kim, K. Y.; Kang, Shin-Wook; Kim, H. S.; Choi, K. H.; Ha, S. K.; Han, D. S.

In: Yonsei medical journal, Vol. 34, No. 4, 01.01.1993, p. 371-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kang, D. H.

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AU - Kim, K. Y.

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AU - Kim, H. S.

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