Comparative Study of Li4Ti5O12 Composites Prepared withPristine, Oxidized, and Surfactant-Treated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes for High-Power Hybrid Supercapacitors

Geon Woo Lee, Myeong Seong Kim, Jun Hui Jeong, Ha Kyung Roh, Kwang Chul Roh, Kwang Bum Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In hybrid supercapacitors, lithium-ion battery (LIB)-type intercalation materials have slower reaction kinetics than electrical double-layer-capacitor-type carbonaceous materials. Thus, it is of prime importance to improve the rate capability of LIB-type intercalation materials to achieve high energy density as well as high power density from hybrid supercapacitors. In this study, we report Li4Ti5O12/pristine multiwalled carbon nanotube (LTO/P-MWCNT) composites with high rate capability and demonstrate their anode application for high-power hybrid supercapacitors. For comparison, two additional LTO composites are prepared by using oxidized MWCNTs and surfactant-treated MWCNTs through a similar spray-drying process. The LTO/P-MWCNT composite shows superior rate capability over the other two composites, owing to the high electrical conductivity of pristine MWCNTs. The hybrid supercapacitor composed of a LTO/P-MWCNT anode and an activated carbon cathode delivers an energy density of 70.9 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 0.03 kW kg−1 and a maximum power density of 21.8 kW kg−1 is achieved at an energy density of 24.3 Wh kg−1. Furthermore, the hybrid supercapacitor exhibits excellent cycling stability. These salient results provide further impetus to the use of MWCNTs in the design and synthesis of high-rate oxide-based composites with efficient lithium-ion transport and high electrical conductivity for high-power hybrid supercapacitors and high-power LIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2357-2366
Number of pages10
JournalChemElectroChem
Volume5
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Electrochemistry

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