Comparing physicians' reporting propensity with active and passive surveillance systems in South Korea

Hye Young Kang, Euichul Shin, Ye Soon Kim, Jin Kyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Passive surveillance (PS) is a traditional approach to communicable disease surveillance. To complement the approach, several countries have adopted active surveillance (AS) systems that involve the voluntary participation of physicians. This study compares AS versus PS systems in Korea based on the systems' reporting propensity of chickenpox. A mail questionnaire survey was conducted with a random sample of physicians involved in the PS system (N=1,955) and all sentinel physicians of the AS system (N=193). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with reporting propensity. The reporting propensity of physicians in the AS system was significantly higher than that in the PS surveillance system, 2.7 versus 1.9 on a 5-point Likert scale (p<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that, in addition to the type of the surveillance system, physician knowledge of chickenpox as a notifiable disease and the type of institution with which a physician was affiliated were significant factors for a physician's reporting propensity. For both systems, the common barriers for reporting were lack of confidence in diagnosis," 'burden from interference by the public health department following reporting,' and 'complexity of the reporting system.' In conclusion, AS of communicable diseases appeared to have a significantly better performance compared to PS in Korea in the case of chickenpox reporting. These findings would be useful for countries concerned with developing more effective strategiesfor improving the reporting rate of notifiable diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Korean Medical Association
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Republic of Korea
Physicians
Chickenpox
Korea
Communicable Diseases
Regression Analysis
Postal Service
Public Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{906ccdbbfc1041a5b355974e26a4e83e,
title = "Comparing physicians' reporting propensity with active and passive surveillance systems in South Korea",
abstract = "Passive surveillance (PS) is a traditional approach to communicable disease surveillance. To complement the approach, several countries have adopted active surveillance (AS) systems that involve the voluntary participation of physicians. This study compares AS versus PS systems in Korea based on the systems' reporting propensity of chickenpox. A mail questionnaire survey was conducted with a random sample of physicians involved in the PS system (N=1,955) and all sentinel physicians of the AS system (N=193). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with reporting propensity. The reporting propensity of physicians in the AS system was significantly higher than that in the PS surveillance system, 2.7 versus 1.9 on a 5-point Likert scale (p<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that, in addition to the type of the surveillance system, physician knowledge of chickenpox as a notifiable disease and the type of institution with which a physician was affiliated were significant factors for a physician's reporting propensity. For both systems, the common barriers for reporting were lack of confidence in diagnosis,{"} 'burden from interference by the public health department following reporting,' and 'complexity of the reporting system.' In conclusion, AS of communicable diseases appeared to have a significantly better performance compared to PS in Korea in the case of chickenpox reporting. These findings would be useful for countries concerned with developing more effective strategiesfor improving the reporting rate of notifiable diseases.",
author = "Kang, {Hye Young} and Euichul Shin and Kim, {Ye Soon} and Kim, {Jin Kyung}",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5124/jkma.2014.57.2.167",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "167--175",
journal = "Journal of the Korean Medical Association",
issn = "1975-8456",
publisher = "Korean Medical Association",
number = "2",

}

Comparing physicians' reporting propensity with active and passive surveillance systems in South Korea. / Kang, Hye Young; Shin, Euichul; Kim, Ye Soon; Kim, Jin Kyung.

In: Journal of the Korean Medical Association, Vol. 57, No. 2, 01.02.2014, p. 167-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing physicians' reporting propensity with active and passive surveillance systems in South Korea

AU - Kang, Hye Young

AU - Shin, Euichul

AU - Kim, Ye Soon

AU - Kim, Jin Kyung

PY - 2014/2/1

Y1 - 2014/2/1

N2 - Passive surveillance (PS) is a traditional approach to communicable disease surveillance. To complement the approach, several countries have adopted active surveillance (AS) systems that involve the voluntary participation of physicians. This study compares AS versus PS systems in Korea based on the systems' reporting propensity of chickenpox. A mail questionnaire survey was conducted with a random sample of physicians involved in the PS system (N=1,955) and all sentinel physicians of the AS system (N=193). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with reporting propensity. The reporting propensity of physicians in the AS system was significantly higher than that in the PS surveillance system, 2.7 versus 1.9 on a 5-point Likert scale (p<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that, in addition to the type of the surveillance system, physician knowledge of chickenpox as a notifiable disease and the type of institution with which a physician was affiliated were significant factors for a physician's reporting propensity. For both systems, the common barriers for reporting were lack of confidence in diagnosis," 'burden from interference by the public health department following reporting,' and 'complexity of the reporting system.' In conclusion, AS of communicable diseases appeared to have a significantly better performance compared to PS in Korea in the case of chickenpox reporting. These findings would be useful for countries concerned with developing more effective strategiesfor improving the reporting rate of notifiable diseases.

AB - Passive surveillance (PS) is a traditional approach to communicable disease surveillance. To complement the approach, several countries have adopted active surveillance (AS) systems that involve the voluntary participation of physicians. This study compares AS versus PS systems in Korea based on the systems' reporting propensity of chickenpox. A mail questionnaire survey was conducted with a random sample of physicians involved in the PS system (N=1,955) and all sentinel physicians of the AS system (N=193). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with reporting propensity. The reporting propensity of physicians in the AS system was significantly higher than that in the PS surveillance system, 2.7 versus 1.9 on a 5-point Likert scale (p<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that, in addition to the type of the surveillance system, physician knowledge of chickenpox as a notifiable disease and the type of institution with which a physician was affiliated were significant factors for a physician's reporting propensity. For both systems, the common barriers for reporting were lack of confidence in diagnosis," 'burden from interference by the public health department following reporting,' and 'complexity of the reporting system.' In conclusion, AS of communicable diseases appeared to have a significantly better performance compared to PS in Korea in the case of chickenpox reporting. These findings would be useful for countries concerned with developing more effective strategiesfor improving the reporting rate of notifiable diseases.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896814587&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896814587&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5124/jkma.2014.57.2.167

DO - 10.5124/jkma.2014.57.2.167

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84896814587

VL - 57

SP - 167

EP - 175

JO - Journal of the Korean Medical Association

JF - Journal of the Korean Medical Association

SN - 1975-8456

IS - 2

ER -