Context. - The ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene encodes a nuclear 370-kd phosphoprotein known to be associated with chromosomal regions containing double-strand breaks. The mutations in the ATM gene may be involved in the development of some subtypes of sporadic lymphomas and leukemias. In primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (PCNS DLBCLs), the pathogenetic role of ATM mutation has not been investigated. Objective. - To investigate ATM protein expression in PCNS DLBCLs, in comparison with that in non-central nervous system (non-CNS) DLBCLs and to study the relationship of ATM protein loss with several clinicopathologic parameters. Design. - This study included 42 cases of PCNS DLBCL and 33 cases of non-CNS DLBCL from immunocompetent patients. The ATM protein loss was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining. For the subclassification of DLBCL and analysis of the relationship between ATM and other prognostic markers, we performed immunohistochemical evaluation to detect the following markers: Bcl-6, CD10, multiple myeloma-1, CD138, Bcl-2, Ki-67, and p53. Results. - The loss of ATM expression was statistically more frequent in PCNS DLBCLs (21/42 cases [50.0%]) than in non-CNS DLBCLs (0/33 cases [0.0%]; P < .001). The loss of ATM expression was not a prognostic marker in PCNS DLBCLs (P = .64). The loss of ATM expression had a strong correlation with the germinal center B-cell-like subtype (P = .01), a low Ki-67 labeling index (P = .03), and low Bcl-2 expression (P = .01) among several clinicopathologic parameters. Conclusions. - Our results suggest that the ATM protein is more strongly correlated with PCNS DLBCL lymphomagenesis than with non-CNS DLBCLs, especially in germinal center B-cell-like subtypes demonstrating low Ki-67 labeling indexes and low Bcl-2 expression.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Mar|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology