Comparison of Billroth I and Billroth II reconstructions after laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy: A retrospective analysis of large-scale multicenter results from Korea

Kyu Chul Kang, Gyu Seok Cho, Sang Uk Han, Wook Kim, Hyung Ho Kim, Min Chan Kim, Woo Jin Hyung, Seong Yeob Ryu, Seung Wan Ryu, Hyuk Joon Lee, Kyo Young Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Since reconstruction after laparoscopyassisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) is performed through a small minilaparotomy window, the clinical course and complication rate are influenced by clinical technical expertise and experience. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative complications and survival rates of Billroth I and Billroth II reconstructions after LADG. Patients and methods We retrospectively collected data from 1,259 patients who underwent LADG performed by ten surgeons at ten hospitals between April 1998 and December 2005. Patients were classified into two groups according to reconstruction method used: the Billroth I group (n = 875) and the Billroth II group (n = 384). Patient and tumor characteristics, operative details, and postoperative complications were analyzed. Results Billroth II reconstruction was performed on obese patients (p = 0.003) and patients with more advanced tumors (p<0.001). Billroth I reconstruction was performed more frequently in the lower portion of the stomach (p<0.001) and yielded shorter operating times. The postoperative complication rate was 11.4% in the Billroth I group, which was lower than that in the Billroth II group (16.9%) (p = 0.011). However, the differences in the major complication rates were not statistically significant (p = 0.263). Of the intra-abdominal complications, intraluminal or intraperitoneal bleeding was the most frequent complication in the Billroth I group and duodenal stump leakage was the most frequent in the Billroth II group. The postoperative mortality rate did not show a statistically significant difference. Conclusions Both Billroth I and Billroth II techniques are feasible and safe reconstruction methods after LADG for gastric cancer. To reduce major complication rates, surgeons should pay attention to bleeding in Billroth I reconstruction and stump leakage in Billroth II reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1953-1961
Number of pages9
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of Billroth I and Billroth II reconstructions after laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy: A retrospective analysis of large-scale multicenter results from Korea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this