Objectives: To evaluate the bone regenerative effect of bioresorbable collagen membrane (CM) as a carrier for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) when performing lateral onlay grafts using bovine hydroxyapatite incorporated with collagen matrix (BHC) in combination with CM in dogs. Material and methods: A guided bone regeneration (GBR) was performed at the buccal aspect of edentulous maxillary alveolar ridges in dogs (n = 5): (1) BHC group, in which rhBMP-2-loaded BHC was covered by a CM, and (2) CM group, in which BHC was covered by an rhBMP-2-loaded CM. A histologic and histometric analysis was performed after 8 weeks of healing. Results: Both the BHC and CM groups exhibited substantial newly formed bone (NB). More NB was found in the CM group than in the BHC group without statistical significance. Most of the NB was in direct contact with the residual bone substitute in the BHC group, whereas the projections and islands of NB were observed in the spaces between the residual bone substitute clusters in the CM group. The bone-to-residual bone substitute contact ratio was significantly lower in the CM group than in the BHC group (P = 0.043). Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that rhBMP-2-loaded CM performed lateral onlay grafts as effectively as rhBMP-2-loaded BHC while showing less bone-residual bone substitute contact ratio in dogs. The loading of CMs with rhBMP-2 might therefore be a recommendable treatment option for facilitating lateral onlay graft combined with rhBMP-2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery