Comparison of corrosion-resistance and hydrogen permeation properties of Zn-Ni, Zn-Ni-Cd and Cd coatings on low-carbon steel

Hansung Kim, Branko N. Popov, Ken S. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zn-Ni-Cd alloy was electroplated from an alkaline sulfate bath under potentiostatic conditions. The corrosion and hydrogen permeation characteristics of Zn-Ni-Cd alloy coatings electrodeposited from alkaline bath were studied and compared with those of Cd and Zn-Ni coatings obtained using commercial baths. Zn-Ni-Cd alloy was electroplated from an alkaline sulfate bath under potentiostatic conditions. The corrosion potential of this Zn-Ni-Cd coating was -0.62 V vs. SCE, which is still negative potential compared to iron. The corrosion rate of Zn-Ni-Cd coated steel was 0.073 mm y-1, which is estimated in a 0.5 M Na2SO4 + 0.5 M H3BO3 solution at a pH of 7. This value is much lower than the corrosion rate of Zn-Ni alloy (0.502 mm y-1) and Cd (0.306 mm y-1) coatings deposited from commercial baths. Zn-Ni-Cd alloys are also demonstrated to have superior hydrogen permeation inhibition properties compared to Cd and Zn-Ni coatings. Kinetic parameters of hydrogen permeation such as the transfer coefficient, α, the modified exchange current density, i′0, thickness dependent adsorption-absorption rate constant, k″, recombination rate constant, k3, surface hydrogen coverage, θs, were evaluated by applying a mathematical model to analyze experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1505-1521
Number of pages17
JournalCorrosion Science
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

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Low carbon steel
Permeation
Corrosion resistance
Hydrogen
Coatings
Corrosion rate
Sulfates
Rate constants
Corrosion
Steel
Kinetic parameters
Current density
Iron
Mathematical models
Adsorption

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of corrosion-resistance and hydrogen permeation properties of Zn-Ni, Zn-Ni-Cd and Cd coatings on low-carbon steel",
abstract = "Zn-Ni-Cd alloy was electroplated from an alkaline sulfate bath under potentiostatic conditions. The corrosion and hydrogen permeation characteristics of Zn-Ni-Cd alloy coatings electrodeposited from alkaline bath were studied and compared with those of Cd and Zn-Ni coatings obtained using commercial baths. Zn-Ni-Cd alloy was electroplated from an alkaline sulfate bath under potentiostatic conditions. The corrosion potential of this Zn-Ni-Cd coating was -0.62 V vs. SCE, which is still negative potential compared to iron. The corrosion rate of Zn-Ni-Cd coated steel was 0.073 mm y-1, which is estimated in a 0.5 M Na2SO4 + 0.5 M H3BO3 solution at a pH of 7. This value is much lower than the corrosion rate of Zn-Ni alloy (0.502 mm y-1) and Cd (0.306 mm y-1) coatings deposited from commercial baths. Zn-Ni-Cd alloys are also demonstrated to have superior hydrogen permeation inhibition properties compared to Cd and Zn-Ni coatings. Kinetic parameters of hydrogen permeation such as the transfer coefficient, α, the modified exchange current density, i′0, thickness dependent adsorption-absorption rate constant, k″, recombination rate constant, k3, surface hydrogen coverage, θs, were evaluated by applying a mathematical model to analyze experimental results.",
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Comparison of corrosion-resistance and hydrogen permeation properties of Zn-Ni, Zn-Ni-Cd and Cd coatings on low-carbon steel. / Kim, Hansung; Popov, Branko N.; Chen, Ken S.

In: Corrosion Science, Vol. 45, No. 7, 01.01.2003, p. 1505-1521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Zn-Ni-Cd alloy was electroplated from an alkaline sulfate bath under potentiostatic conditions. The corrosion and hydrogen permeation characteristics of Zn-Ni-Cd alloy coatings electrodeposited from alkaline bath were studied and compared with those of Cd and Zn-Ni coatings obtained using commercial baths. Zn-Ni-Cd alloy was electroplated from an alkaline sulfate bath under potentiostatic conditions. The corrosion potential of this Zn-Ni-Cd coating was -0.62 V vs. SCE, which is still negative potential compared to iron. The corrosion rate of Zn-Ni-Cd coated steel was 0.073 mm y-1, which is estimated in a 0.5 M Na2SO4 + 0.5 M H3BO3 solution at a pH of 7. This value is much lower than the corrosion rate of Zn-Ni alloy (0.502 mm y-1) and Cd (0.306 mm y-1) coatings deposited from commercial baths. Zn-Ni-Cd alloys are also demonstrated to have superior hydrogen permeation inhibition properties compared to Cd and Zn-Ni coatings. Kinetic parameters of hydrogen permeation such as the transfer coefficient, α, the modified exchange current density, i′0, thickness dependent adsorption-absorption rate constant, k″, recombination rate constant, k3, surface hydrogen coverage, θs, were evaluated by applying a mathematical model to analyze experimental results.

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