Comparison of diagnostic performance of the ACR and Kwak TIRADS applying the ACR TIRADS’ size thresholds for FNA

Sun Huh, Jung Hyun Yoon, Hye Sun Lee, Hee Jung Moon, Vivian Youngjean Park, Jin Young Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic performances and unnecessary fine-needle aspiration (FNA) rates of two point-scale based TIRADS and compare them with a modified version using the ACR TIRADS’ size thresholds. Methods: Our Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study and waived the requirement for informed consent. A total of 2106 thyroid nodules 10 mm or larger in size in 2084 patients with definitive cytopathologic findings were included. Ultrasonography categories were assigned according to each guideline. We applied the ACR TIRADS’ size thresholds for FNA to the Kwak TIRADS and defined it as the modified Kwak TIRADS (mKwak TIRADS). Diagnostic performances and unnecessary FNA rates were evaluated for both the original and modified guidelines. Results: Of the original guidelines, the ACR TIRADS had higher specificity, accuracy, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) (63.1%, 68.9%, and 0.748, respectively). When the size threshold of the ACR TIRADS was applied to the Kwak TIRADS, the resultant mKwak TIRADS had higher specificity, accuracy, and AUC (64.7%, 70.3%, and 0.765, respectively) than the ACR TIRADS. The mKwak TIRADS also had a lower unnecessary FNA rate than the ACR TIRADS (54.8% and 56.4%, respectively). The false-negative rate of the Kwak TIRADS was the lowest (1.9%) among all TIRADS. Conclusion: The modified Kwak TIRADS incorporating the size thresholds of the ACR TIRADS showed higher diagnostic performance and a lower unnecessary FNA rate than the original point-scale based TIRADS. Key Points: • Of the original guidelines, the ACR TIRADS had the highest specificity, accuracy, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) (63.1%, 68.9%, and 0.748, respectively). • When the size threshold of the ACR TIRADS was applied to the Kwak TIRADS, the resultant modified version of Kwak TIRADS had higher specificity, accuracy, and AUC (64.7%, 70.3%, and 0.765, respectively) than the ACR TIRADS. • The false-negative rate of the Kwak TIRADS was the lowest (1.9%) among all TIRADS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Radiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, European Society of Radiology.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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