Comparison of early strut coverage between zotarolimus- and everolimus-eluting stents using optical coherence tomography

Seunghwan Kim, Jung Sun Kim, Dong Ho Shin, Byeong Keuk Kim, Young Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Yun Kyeong Cho, Chang Wook Nam, Seung Ho Hur, Yangsoo Jang, Myeong Ki Hong

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There have been no optical coherence tomographic (OCT) data directly comparing the pattern of strut coverage between the 2 second-generation drug-eluting stents in the early period. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate early strut coverage using optical coherence tomography 3 months after Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES-R) or everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation in de novo coronary artery lesions. A total of 40 patients who were suitable for the OCT procedure and consented to the study protocol were randomized 1:1 to receive either ZES-R or EES. Among these patients, 35 stented lesions (18 ZES-R, 17 EES) in 34 patients were evaluated by optical coherence tomography immediately and 3 months after stent implantation. Neointimal hyperplasia thickness, percentage of uncovered struts, and the proportion of malapposed struts were measured at 1-mm intervals. An uncovered strut was defined as having a neointimal hyperplasia thickness of 0 μm. At the 3-month OCT evaluation, mean neointimal hyperplasia thickness (ZES-R vs EES 74 ± 41 vs 75 ± 35 μm, p = 0.89) and mean percentage of uncovered struts (ZES-R vs EES 6.2 ± 6.9 vs 4.7 ± 5.1%, p = 0.62) were not significantly different between the groups. The percentage of malapposed struts was also similar between the groups (0.7 ± 2.2% for ZES-R and 0.7 ± 1.7% for EES, p = 0.64). Thrombi were documented in 3 stents (1 [5.6%] in a ZES-R vs 2 [11.8%] in EES, p = 0.60). In conclusion, early stent strut coverage on the basis of serial OCT evaluation was comparable between ZES-R and EES 3 months after stent implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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