Identification of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with high activity and fibrosis is a major priority in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We validated the predictive value of the FibroScan-aspartate aminotransferase (FAST) score and other non-invasive fibrosis surrogates in predicting high-risk NASH criteria. This multicenter retrospective study recruited 251 biopsy-proven non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients (132 [52.6%] men) between 2011 and 2014. The FAST score was calculated using transient elastography data and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. The NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4), and AST to platelet ratio index (APRI) were calculated using biochemical data. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of the FAST score, liver stiffness, NFS, FIB-4, and APRI were 0.752, 0.718, 0.609, 0.650, and 0.722 for NAFLD activity score (NAS) ≥5 (n = 117, 46.6%); 0.788, 0.754, 0.649, 0.701, and 0.747 for fatty liver inhibition of progression-NASH with histologic activity ≥3 (n = 202, 80.5%); 0.807, 0.806, 0.691, 0.732, and 0.760 for severe disease with activity ≥3 and/or fibrosis ≥3 (n = 132, 52.6%); and 0.714, 0.812, 0.748, 0.738, and 0.669 for NASH with NAS ≥4 and fibrosis ≥2 (n = 70, 27.9%), respectively. The FAST score had the highest AUC for the most high-risk NASH criteria, except for in predicting NAS ≥4 and fibrosis ≥2. The liver stiffness value showed consistently acceptable performance in predicting all high-risk NASH criteria. The FAST score has acceptable performance in identifying high-risk NASH. However, liver stiffness alone was not inferior to the FAST score.
|Journal||Frontiers in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Apr 14|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2019R1A2C4070136). The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Copyright © 2022 Lee, Lee, Kim, Park, Kim, Ahn, Jang, Park, Lee, Lee and Kim.
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