Comparison of flap and flapless procedures for the stability of chemically modified SLA titanium implants

An experimental study in a canine model

Seung Mi Jeong, Byungho Choi, Jihun Kim, Du Hyeong Lee, Feng Xuan, Dong Yub Mo, Chun Ui Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Flapless implant surgery has been shown to accelerate recovery and increase the vascularity of the peri-implant mucosa after implant placement. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare dental implant stabilization patterns between flap and flapless implant surgeries over the first 8 weeks after implant placement. Study design: In 6 mongrel dogs, bilateral, edentulated, and flat alveolar ridges were created in the mandible. After 3 months of healing, 2 implants (Straumann SLA-active) were placed in each side of the mandible using either a flap or flapless procedure. The implant stability quotient (ISQ) that was obtained from Osstell Mentor was measured at the time of implantation and weekly over the first 8 weeks after implant placement. Results: Implants stabilized more quickly without flap elevation than with flap elevation. For flapless implants, an increase in stability occurred after 2 weeks without a period of decreasing stability. However, for flap implants, a shift in implant stability from decreasing stability to increasing stability occurred after 2 weeks. Conclusion: In the canine model, flapless surgical placement of implants may increase the initial stability of implants compared with implants placed after the reflection of the mucoperiosteal flap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-173
Number of pages4
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology
Volume111
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Experimental Implants
Titanium
Mandible
Canidae
Anatomic Models
Alveolar Process
Mentors
Dental Implants
Mucous Membrane
Dogs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of flap and flapless procedures for the stability of chemically modified SLA titanium implants: An experimental study in a canine model",
abstract = "Background: Flapless implant surgery has been shown to accelerate recovery and increase the vascularity of the peri-implant mucosa after implant placement. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare dental implant stabilization patterns between flap and flapless implant surgeries over the first 8 weeks after implant placement. Study design: In 6 mongrel dogs, bilateral, edentulated, and flat alveolar ridges were created in the mandible. After 3 months of healing, 2 implants (Straumann SLA-active) were placed in each side of the mandible using either a flap or flapless procedure. The implant stability quotient (ISQ) that was obtained from Osstell Mentor was measured at the time of implantation and weekly over the first 8 weeks after implant placement. Results: Implants stabilized more quickly without flap elevation than with flap elevation. For flapless implants, an increase in stability occurred after 2 weeks without a period of decreasing stability. However, for flap implants, a shift in implant stability from decreasing stability to increasing stability occurred after 2 weeks. Conclusion: In the canine model, flapless surgical placement of implants may increase the initial stability of implants compared with implants placed after the reflection of the mucoperiosteal flap.",
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Comparison of flap and flapless procedures for the stability of chemically modified SLA titanium implants : An experimental study in a canine model. / Jeong, Seung Mi; Choi, Byungho; Kim, Jihun; Lee, Du Hyeong; Xuan, Feng; Mo, Dong Yub; Lee, Chun Ui.

In: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology, Vol. 111, No. 2, 01.02.2011, p. 170-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Background: Flapless implant surgery has been shown to accelerate recovery and increase the vascularity of the peri-implant mucosa after implant placement. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare dental implant stabilization patterns between flap and flapless implant surgeries over the first 8 weeks after implant placement. Study design: In 6 mongrel dogs, bilateral, edentulated, and flat alveolar ridges were created in the mandible. After 3 months of healing, 2 implants (Straumann SLA-active) were placed in each side of the mandible using either a flap or flapless procedure. The implant stability quotient (ISQ) that was obtained from Osstell Mentor was measured at the time of implantation and weekly over the first 8 weeks after implant placement. Results: Implants stabilized more quickly without flap elevation than with flap elevation. For flapless implants, an increase in stability occurred after 2 weeks without a period of decreasing stability. However, for flap implants, a shift in implant stability from decreasing stability to increasing stability occurred after 2 weeks. Conclusion: In the canine model, flapless surgical placement of implants may increase the initial stability of implants compared with implants placed after the reflection of the mucoperiosteal flap.

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