Seventy-six treatment-naive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected patients were recruited from Korea and China to evaluate transmitted drug resistance (TDR). Although no major TDR was observed within the study population, some resistance-associated mutations in the reverse transcriptase region were observed (V118I 9.2%, V179D 7.9%). The frequencies of resistance-associated mutations in NNRTI (V179D) and PI minor mutations were higher in Korean patients compared with Chinese patients (13.6% vs. 0%, 45.5% vs. 12.5%, p<0.05). Although unique clustering was observed in phylogenetic analyses according to geographic sources, cautious monitoring is recommended due to increasing TDR reports in this area where the population shares close geographic and cultural aspects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases