Comparison of higher-order aberrations after wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy

So Hyang Chung, In Sik Lee, Young Ghee Lee, Hyung Keun Lee, Eungkweon Kim, Geunyoung Yoon, KyoungYul Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in 70 eyes (38 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with those in 70 eyes (40 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) for the treatment of myopia. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Myongdong Bal-geun sesang Eye Clinic, and Seran Eye Center, Seoul, Korea. Methods: In a prospective study, 140 consecutive eyes of 78 patients were treated with wavefront-guided LASIK or LASEK according to the patient's choice after each procedure had been thoroughly explained. The patients were followed for 6 months. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), manifest refraction, and wavefront aberrations were measured at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results: There were no significant differences in postoperative BCVA, UCVA, and manifest refraction between groups. The mean root-mean-square wavefront error of HOAs for a scotopic pupil in the wavefront-guided LASIK group was significantly smaller than that in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. Analyzing individual Zernike coefficients, the spherical aberration and second coma were significantly smaller in the wavefront-guided LASIK group than in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. This difference in HOAs between groups disappeared at 3 and 6 months. Conclusions: The HOAs in the scotopic condition were not different between the wavefront-guided LASIK and LASEK groups beginning 3 months after surgery. However, the HOAs in the LASIK and LASEK groups had a different time course, especially in the case of spherical aberration. This finding suggests that postoperative changes in aberration contribute to the final outcome of wavefront-guided ablation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-784
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May 1

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Laser-Assisted Subepithelial Keratectomy
Laser In Situ Keratomileusis
Visual Acuity
Myopia
Ophthalmology
Pupil
Korea
Coma
Medicine
Prospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

@article{3a3a0b3478024e4a8befef73258d8ab7,
title = "Comparison of higher-order aberrations after wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy",
abstract = "Purpose: To compare the higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in 70 eyes (38 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with those in 70 eyes (40 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) for the treatment of myopia. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Myongdong Bal-geun sesang Eye Clinic, and Seran Eye Center, Seoul, Korea. Methods: In a prospective study, 140 consecutive eyes of 78 patients were treated with wavefront-guided LASIK or LASEK according to the patient's choice after each procedure had been thoroughly explained. The patients were followed for 6 months. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), manifest refraction, and wavefront aberrations were measured at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results: There were no significant differences in postoperative BCVA, UCVA, and manifest refraction between groups. The mean root-mean-square wavefront error of HOAs for a scotopic pupil in the wavefront-guided LASIK group was significantly smaller than that in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. Analyzing individual Zernike coefficients, the spherical aberration and second coma were significantly smaller in the wavefront-guided LASIK group than in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. This difference in HOAs between groups disappeared at 3 and 6 months. Conclusions: The HOAs in the scotopic condition were not different between the wavefront-guided LASIK and LASEK groups beginning 3 months after surgery. However, the HOAs in the LASIK and LASEK groups had a different time course, especially in the case of spherical aberration. This finding suggests that postoperative changes in aberration contribute to the final outcome of wavefront-guided ablation.",
author = "Chung, {So Hyang} and Lee, {In Sik} and Lee, {Young Ghee} and Lee, {Hyung Keun} and Eungkweon Kim and Geunyoung Yoon and KyoungYul Seo",
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Comparison of higher-order aberrations after wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy. / Chung, So Hyang; Lee, In Sik; Lee, Young Ghee; Lee, Hyung Keun; Kim, Eungkweon; Yoon, Geunyoung; Seo, KyoungYul.

In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Vol. 32, No. 5, 01.05.2006, p. 779-784.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of higher-order aberrations after wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy

AU - Chung, So Hyang

AU - Lee, In Sik

AU - Lee, Young Ghee

AU - Lee, Hyung Keun

AU - Kim, Eungkweon

AU - Yoon, Geunyoung

AU - Seo, KyoungYul

PY - 2006/5/1

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N2 - Purpose: To compare the higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in 70 eyes (38 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with those in 70 eyes (40 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) for the treatment of myopia. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Myongdong Bal-geun sesang Eye Clinic, and Seran Eye Center, Seoul, Korea. Methods: In a prospective study, 140 consecutive eyes of 78 patients were treated with wavefront-guided LASIK or LASEK according to the patient's choice after each procedure had been thoroughly explained. The patients were followed for 6 months. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), manifest refraction, and wavefront aberrations were measured at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results: There were no significant differences in postoperative BCVA, UCVA, and manifest refraction between groups. The mean root-mean-square wavefront error of HOAs for a scotopic pupil in the wavefront-guided LASIK group was significantly smaller than that in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. Analyzing individual Zernike coefficients, the spherical aberration and second coma were significantly smaller in the wavefront-guided LASIK group than in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. This difference in HOAs between groups disappeared at 3 and 6 months. Conclusions: The HOAs in the scotopic condition were not different between the wavefront-guided LASIK and LASEK groups beginning 3 months after surgery. However, the HOAs in the LASIK and LASEK groups had a different time course, especially in the case of spherical aberration. This finding suggests that postoperative changes in aberration contribute to the final outcome of wavefront-guided ablation.

AB - Purpose: To compare the higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in 70 eyes (38 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with those in 70 eyes (40 patients) that had wavefront-guided laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) for the treatment of myopia. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Myongdong Bal-geun sesang Eye Clinic, and Seran Eye Center, Seoul, Korea. Methods: In a prospective study, 140 consecutive eyes of 78 patients were treated with wavefront-guided LASIK or LASEK according to the patient's choice after each procedure had been thoroughly explained. The patients were followed for 6 months. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), manifest refraction, and wavefront aberrations were measured at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results: There were no significant differences in postoperative BCVA, UCVA, and manifest refraction between groups. The mean root-mean-square wavefront error of HOAs for a scotopic pupil in the wavefront-guided LASIK group was significantly smaller than that in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. Analyzing individual Zernike coefficients, the spherical aberration and second coma were significantly smaller in the wavefront-guided LASIK group than in the wavefront-guided LASEK group at 1 month. This difference in HOAs between groups disappeared at 3 and 6 months. Conclusions: The HOAs in the scotopic condition were not different between the wavefront-guided LASIK and LASEK groups beginning 3 months after surgery. However, the HOAs in the LASIK and LASEK groups had a different time course, especially in the case of spherical aberration. This finding suggests that postoperative changes in aberration contribute to the final outcome of wavefront-guided ablation.

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