Comparison of perceived employment barriers among low-income jobseekers in the United States and South Korea

Philip Young P. Hong, In Han Song, Sangmi Choi, Jang Ho Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The Perceived Employment Barrier Scale (PEBS) has been validated as a tool to assess low-income individuals’ level of employment barriers in the United States. Using samples from workforce development programs in the United States and South Korea, this study aims to examine the comparability of this measure and to compare score differences on the five factors of PEBS between the two samples. Evidence for cross-sample equivalence was found, indicating cross-national comparability. Furthermore, the South Korean sample perceived significantly higher on human capital barriers compared to the United States. Implications for workforce development practice and research in the United States and South Korea are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-39
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Social Work
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported mainly by the University Partnership Research Grants for the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Grant #90PH0018, from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) of the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), US Department of Health and Human Services. Additional funding was granted from the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the National Research Foundation (Grant #NRF-2011-332-B00329) of the Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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