We assessed the safety and feasibility of various stenting techniques using the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) bifurcation stenoses. One hundred sixteen patients with unprotected LMCA bifurcation stenoses underwent SES implantation. A simple stenting technique (simple group, n = 67) across the left circumflex artery (LCx) and a complex technique (complex group) comprising "kissing" stenting (n = 24) or a "crush" (n = 25) technique were used. Baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar for the 2 groups, except for more multivessel involvement and narrower LCxs in the complex group. The procedural success rate was 100%. Angiographic restenosis rate at 6 months was lower in the simple group (5.3%) than in the complex group (24.4%, p = 0.024). In the complex group, restenosis rates were similar for the kissing (25.0%) and crush (23.8%) techniques (p = 1.0). There were no incidents of death or myocardial infarction during follow-up (median 18.6 months). Target lesion revascularization was performed in 6 patients only in the complex group (0% vs 12.2%, p = 0.005). At 18 months, survival rates without target lesion revascularization were 100 ± 0% in the simple group and 85.7 ± 5.6% in the complex group (p = 0.004). In conclusion, SES implantation for unprotected LMCA bifurcation stenoses appears to be safe and effective. Compared with the complex stenting technique, the simple technique was technically easier and appeared to be more effective in improving long-term outcomes in patients with normal LCxs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine