Objective: To compare the results of single and repeated percutaneous sclerotherapy in patients with simple renal cysts. Patiens and methods: Eighty-two patients with simple renal cysts underwent needl aspiration and sclerotherapy under ultrasonographic guidance. Forty-two patients (group 2) underwent sclerotherapy at least twice. The patients were followed up using ultrasonography at 3-month intervals. The complete disappearance or a reduction of more than half in the diameter of the renal cyst was considered a successful treatment. Results: The mean diameter of the renal cysts was not significantly different in group 1 (6.12 cm) and 2 (6.75 cm). There was complete or partial regression in eight (19%) and 16 (38%) in group 2, respectively. The overall success rate was significantly better in group 2 (95%) than in group 1 (57%; P < 0.001). Conclusions: These results suggest that multiple sclerotherapy is better than a single injection of sclerosant for reducing the recurrence of simple renal cysts.
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