Comparison of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Boundary Layers During Convection and their Latitudinal Dependence

Yeonju Choi, Yign Noh

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The boundary layers of the atmosphere and the ocean are compared during convection, and their latitudinal dependence is investigated. The results are applied to examine the parameterization of the boundary layer depth in the K-profile parameterization (KPP) model. The bulk Richardson number Rib varies excessively with time in the high-latitude (HL) oceanic boundary layer (OBL) without unresolved shear (Formula presented.), as a result of inertial oscillation. Inclusion of (Formula presented.) is also necessary in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) to mitigate the large variation of Rib with wind stress. Stratification and velocity shear near the boundary layer height/depth are stronger and thicker at low latitudes (LLs), where the Ekman length scale is larger and the inertial time scale is longer. This enhanced shear makes the entrainment buoyancy flux larger at LL. Analysis of the turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) budget in the entrainment zone is carried out to explain the variation of Rib depending on the boundary layer and the latitude. This analysis shows that the TKE production in the entrainment zone is dominated by shear production at LL, but by the TKE flux at HL, and that (Formula presented.) represents the contribution from the TKE flux to the entrainment zone. The enhancement of vertical TKE by Langmuir circulation (LC) does not depend on the latitude, but it decreases with depth faster at LL. The result suggests that the parameterization of the boundary layer depth in the KPP model should be different depending on whether it is the ABL or the OBL and depending on the latitude.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2019JC015754
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Volume125
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under grant KMI2018‐07210. Most of the simulations have been carried out on the supercomputer system supported by the National Center for Meteorological Supercomputer of Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA). The authors also appreciate the support of Research Institute of Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, in which the corresponding author spent a sabbatical leave during this research. The data used in this study are available on the link https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.11987991.v1 .

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under grant KMI2018-07210. Most of the simulations have been carried out on the supercomputer system supported by the National Center for Meteorological Supercomputer of Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA). The authors also appreciate the support of Research Institute of Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, in which the corresponding author spent a sabbatical leave during this research. The data used in this study are available on the link https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.11987991.v1.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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