Comparison of the clinical features of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and Behçet's disease

SangHo Oh, E. C. Han, JuHee Lee, D. Bang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) presents a diagnostic problem in Behçet's disease (BD), particularly when it occurs as the only or earliest feature of the disease. To date, there have been only a few reports studying the differences in characteristics between RAS and BD. Aim. To examine the clinical differences between RAS and BD using a large group of patients. Methods. A retrospective review was carried out, analysing demographic data, the clinical features of the oral ulcer, and the major and minor symptoms of BD of 1643 patients with RAS and 3527 patients with BD presenting from 1995 to 2001. Results. BD had a greater female predominance, and major oral ulcers were significantly more common in BD than in RAS (P < 0.001). Involvement of multiple sites was also more common in BD than in RAS, and the menstrual cycle had more influence on oral ulcers in patients with BD (P < 0.001). Minor symptoms such as articular, neurological and vascular symptoms and epididymitis were also seen more often in BD than in RAS (P < 0.001), and in particularly, patients with BD had a significantly higher frequency of articular symptoms than did patients with RAS (P < 0.001). Conclusion. These findings may provide guidelines for the clinical differentiation between RAS and BD. In addition, patients with multiple major aphthae, particularly with articular symptoms, should be closely followed up for the development of BD, and the possibility of other diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis and Crohn's disease should also be considered.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 1

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Oral Ulcer
Joints
Sutton disease 2
Epididymitis
Aphthous Stomatitis
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Menstrual Cycle
Crohn Disease
Blood Vessels
Demography
Guidelines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of the clinical features of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and Beh{\cc}et's disease",
abstract = "Background. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) presents a diagnostic problem in Beh{\cc}et's disease (BD), particularly when it occurs as the only or earliest feature of the disease. To date, there have been only a few reports studying the differences in characteristics between RAS and BD. Aim. To examine the clinical differences between RAS and BD using a large group of patients. Methods. A retrospective review was carried out, analysing demographic data, the clinical features of the oral ulcer, and the major and minor symptoms of BD of 1643 patients with RAS and 3527 patients with BD presenting from 1995 to 2001. Results. BD had a greater female predominance, and major oral ulcers were significantly more common in BD than in RAS (P < 0.001). Involvement of multiple sites was also more common in BD than in RAS, and the menstrual cycle had more influence on oral ulcers in patients with BD (P < 0.001). Minor symptoms such as articular, neurological and vascular symptoms and epididymitis were also seen more often in BD than in RAS (P < 0.001), and in particularly, patients with BD had a significantly higher frequency of articular symptoms than did patients with RAS (P < 0.001). Conclusion. These findings may provide guidelines for the clinical differentiation between RAS and BD. In addition, patients with multiple major aphthae, particularly with articular symptoms, should be closely followed up for the development of BD, and the possibility of other diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis and Crohn's disease should also be considered.",
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Comparison of the clinical features of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and Behçet's disease. / Oh, SangHo; Han, E. C.; Lee, JuHee; Bang, D.

In: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, Vol. 34, No. 6, 01.08.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Han, E. C.

AU - Lee, JuHee

AU - Bang, D.

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