Purpose To compare patency and overall survival achieved with covered versus uncovered metallic stents among patients with inoperable malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction.
Materials and Methods There were 40 patients enrolled in this prospective randomized study between January 2012 and July 2013. Mean age of patients was 62.6 years (range, 43-86 y). The malignancies causing extrahepatic biliary obstruction were pancreatic cancer (n = 18), stomach cancer (n = 13), gallbladder cancer (n = 3), common bile duct cancer (n = 2), and other cancer types (n = 4). Uncovered (n = 20) and covered (n = 20) stents were used. Stent patency, overall survival, and complications were evaluated and statistically compared.
Results Mean patency of uncovered stents (413.3 d ± 63.0) was significantly longer than mean patency of covered ones (207.5 d ± 46.0; P =.041). Mean overall survival was 359.9 days ± 61.5 for uncovered stents, which was statistically similar to survival of 350.5 days ± 43.8 for covered stents (P =.271). Causes of recurrent obstruction included tumor ingrowth (n = 2), tumor overgrowth (n = 5), debris or food material (n = 5), and stent migration (n = 2). One case of acute cholecystitis occurred in covered stent group.
Conclusions Uncovered metallic stents had superior patency duration than covered stents for patients with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction. However, the overall complication and survival rates achieved with covered and uncovered stents were similar.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine