Comparison of the incidence and clinical characteristics of gram-positive and gram-negative surgical site infections after gastric surgery

Hye Won Kim, Chang Oh Kim, Su Jin Jeong, Sang Hoon Han, Jun Yong Choi, Min Ja Kim, Young Hwa Choi, Seung Guan Im, Joon Sup Yeom, Yoon Soo Park, Young Goo Song, Hee Jung Choi, Kyong Ran Peck, Cheol In Kang, Hyo Youl Kim, Young Keun Kim, Seung Soon Lee, Dae Won Park, Yeon A. Kim, Suk Hoon ChoiJune Myung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is prominent among the total incidence of healthcare-associated infections, and is a major contributing factor in the trend of increasing medical costs. There have been numerous efforts to analyze the conditions and causes of SSI for the purpose of prevention. In this study of SSI development after gastric surgery, we evaluated the prevalence of specific pathogens and compared the clinical characteristics observed between gram-positive (GPB) and gram-negative bacteria (GNB). Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who developed SSI within 30 days after gastric surgery at 13 clinics in Korea, between January 2007 and December 2008. Only those cases of SSI which included confirmed pathogen were included in this study. Results: Among the 121 patients who developed SSI, GPB were observed in 32 patients and 36 cases, and GNB were isolated in 32 patients and 36 cases. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was the most frequently isolated pathogen in this analysis. There were no differences observed between the GPB and GNB group in terms of baseline characteristics, patient or procedure related risk factors, or factors associated with prophylactic antibiotics. Conclusions: In the previous studies of the occurrence of SSI after gastric surgery, it was reported that the majority of observed pathogens were enteric GNB. Further studies of the incidence of SSI after gastric surgery, particularly those related to MRSA infection, are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-16
Number of pages6
JournalInfection and Chemotherapy
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 1

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Kim, H. W., Kim, C. O., Jeong, S. J., Han, S. H., Choi, J. Y., Kim, M. J., Choi, Y. H., Im, S. G., Yeom, J. S., Park, Y. S., Song, Y. G., Choi, H. J., Peck, K. R., Kang, C. I., Kim, H. Y., Kim, Y. K., Lee, S. S., Park, D. W., Kim, Y. A., ... Kim, J. M. (2012). Comparison of the incidence and clinical characteristics of gram-positive and gram-negative surgical site infections after gastric surgery. Infection and Chemotherapy, 44(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.3947/ic.2012.44.1.11