Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of different treatment modalities for dry eye in primary Sjögren's syndrome with their potential overlapping influences. Methods: This study included 199 patients with newly diagnosed primary Sjogren's syndrome from 2005 to 2020. Various treatment modalities for primary Sjögren's syndrome were compared. Improvement of corneal staining based on Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA) scores was the primary outcome. Results: The average follow-up period was 5.4 ± 3.1 (range, 2.0–14.1) years. Analysis of the individual treatments showed that punctal plug insertions in the lower and upper eyelids were strongly associated with improvement of SICCA scores (β = 2.70 and 1.80, p < 0.001 and <0.001, respectively). With ocular surface inflammation, corneal staining scores improved significantly with steroid eye drops. Prednisolone (1%) had the strongest association with improvement of corneal staining scores (β = 1.48, p < 0.001); this was based on the frequency of administration. Without ocular surface inflammation, diquafosol (3%), carbomer gel, and lanolin ointment were effective (β = 1.37, 1.06, and 1.17; p = 0.003, 0.003, and <0.001, respectively). Conclusions: Punctal plug insertion, primarily targeting aqueous deficiency, is the mainstay of the treatment for dry eye in primary Sjögren's syndrome even in the presence of ocular surface inflammation. Furthermore, the effectiveness of treatment modalities for dry eye in primary Sjögren's syndrome was dependent on the presence of ocular surface inflammation.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jan 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: ThisresearchwasfundedbytheKoreaMousePhenotypingProject[NRF-2013M3A9D5072551]) from the Ministry of Science and ICT through the National Research Foundation. And the APC was funded by Yonsei University, College of Medicine and the National Research Foundation.
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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