Composite Cathode Material Using Spark Plasma Sintering for Bulk-Type Hybrid Solid-State Batteries

Sung Pil Woo, Wooyoung Lee, Young Soo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A Composite cathode without polymer binder was prepared by a one-step sintering method employing spark plasma sintering (SPS) of laminated LiCoO2 and Li3BO3 pellets. The amorphous Li3BO3 solid electrolyte melted during the sintering process. For better characterization of the composite cathode, a liquid electrolyte was used in the battery test. However, the active material was mainly in the all-solid-state environment. The specific capacity of the composite cathode was found to be dependent on its thickness. The 0.2 mm thick composite cathode showed a high specific discharge capacity of 99 mAh g −1 at 0.5 C rate, excellent cycling performance over 10 cycles, and good rate capability of about 93.2 mAh g −1 with 94% retention capacity. In addition, the composite cathode showed an initial discharge capacity of 0.25 mAh g −1. The discharge capacity after 3 cycles under the all-solid-state condition was 0.22 mAh g −1. The SEM and TEM results showed that the melted Li3BO3 solid electrolyte synthesized by the SPS process produced Li+ ion transport pathways, which reduced the grain boundary resistance. Hence, this composite cathode consisting of LiCoO2 as the cathode, amorphous Li3BO3 as the solid electrolyte, and MWCNT as the electric conductor is a promising material for all-solid-state batteries and bulk-type hybrid solid-state batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1024
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

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sparks
electric batteries
sintering
cathodes
solid state
composite materials
solid electrolytes
cycles
electric conductors
pellets
grain boundaries
electrolytes
transmission electron microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
polymers
liquids
ions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Composite Cathode Material Using Spark Plasma Sintering for Bulk-Type Hybrid Solid-State Batteries",
abstract = "A Composite cathode without polymer binder was prepared by a one-step sintering method employing spark plasma sintering (SPS) of laminated LiCoO2 and Li3BO3 pellets. The amorphous Li3BO3 solid electrolyte melted during the sintering process. For better characterization of the composite cathode, a liquid electrolyte was used in the battery test. However, the active material was mainly in the all-solid-state environment. The specific capacity of the composite cathode was found to be dependent on its thickness. The 0.2 mm thick composite cathode showed a high specific discharge capacity of 99 mAh g −1 at 0.5 C rate, excellent cycling performance over 10 cycles, and good rate capability of about 93.2 mAh g −1 with 94{\%} retention capacity. In addition, the composite cathode showed an initial discharge capacity of 0.25 mAh g −1. The discharge capacity after 3 cycles under the all-solid-state condition was 0.22 mAh g −1. The SEM and TEM results showed that the melted Li3BO3 solid electrolyte synthesized by the SPS process produced Li+ ion transport pathways, which reduced the grain boundary resistance. Hence, this composite cathode consisting of LiCoO2 as the cathode, amorphous Li3BO3 as the solid electrolyte, and MWCNT as the electric conductor is a promising material for all-solid-state batteries and bulk-type hybrid solid-state batteries.",
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Composite Cathode Material Using Spark Plasma Sintering for Bulk-Type Hybrid Solid-State Batteries. / Woo, Sung Pil; Lee, Wooyoung; Yoon, Young Soo.

In: Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 73, No. 7, 01.10.2018, p. 1019-1024.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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