Lead halide perovskite nanoparticles (NPs) are attractive as they exhibit excellent color purity and have a tunable band gap, and can thus be applied in highly efficient photovoltaic and light-emitting diodes. Fundamental studies of emission linewidth broadening due to spectral shifts in perovskite NPs may suggest a way to improve their color purity. However, the carrier-induced Stark shift that causes spectral diffusion still requires investigation. In this study, we explore composition-related emission linewidth broadening by comparing CsPbBr3 and CH3NH3PbBr3 (MAPbBr3) perovskite NPs. We find that the MAPbBr3 NPs are more sensitive to fluctuations in the local electric fields than the CsPbBr3 NPs due to an intrinsic difference in the dipole moment between the two A cations (Cs and MA), which shows a carrier-induced Stark shift. The results indicate that the compositions of perovskite NPs are closely associated with emission linewidth broadening and they also provide insights into the development of NP-based devices with high color purity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
D.K. acknowledges the support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grants funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT Future Planning (MSIP) of Korea under contracts NRF-2012M3A6A7054861 (Global Frontier R&D Program on Center for Multiscale Energy System). J. K. acknowledges the support from the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP), Korea, under the “ICT Consilience Creative Program” (IITP-2017-2017-0-01015) supervised by the Institute for Information & Communications Technology Promotion (IITP), and also by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016-009709).
© 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)