We report on the Mössbauer spectra and magnetization properties of single-crystalline (BiFeO3)x - (BaTiO3) 1-x solid solution nanostructures in the form of nanocubes, measuring approximately 150 to 200 nm on a side, prepared by a molten salt solid-state reaction method in the compositional range wherein 0.5≤x≤1. Powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) and monochromatic synchrotron XRD studies indicate products of high purity, which undergo gradual, well-controlled structural transformations from rhombohedral to tetragonal structures with decreasing " x. " For all solid solution products, room-temperature magnetization studies exhibit hysteretic behavior with remnant magnetization values of Mr 0.32 emu/g, indicating that the latent magnetization locked within the toroidal spin structure of BiFeO3 has been released. Room-temperature Mössbauer spectra show composition-dependent characteristics with decreasing magnetic hyperfine field values and increasing absorption linewidths due to a decrease in the magnetic exchange interaction strength with decreasing x. For the lowest x=0.5 composition studied, the Mössbauer spectra show paramagnetic behavior, indicating a Néel temperature for this composition below 300 K. However, room-temperature magnetization studies with applied fields of up to 50 kOe show hysteretic behavior for all compositions, including the x=0.5 composition, presumably due to field-induced ordering. Furthermore, hysteresis loops for all compositions exhibit smaller coercivities at 10 K than at 300 K, an observation that may suggest the presence of magnetoelectric coupling in these systems.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jul 29|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics