Composition-Graded MoWSx Hybrids with Tailored Catalytic Activity by Bipolar Electrochemistry

Shu Min Tan, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD)-based composites, TMD/graphene-related material and bichalcogen TMD composites have been widely studied for application toward energy production via the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). However, scarcely any literature explored the possibility of bimetallic TMD hybrids as HER electrocatalysts. The use of harmful chemicals and harsh preparation conditions in conventional syntheses also detracts from the objective of sustainable energy production. Herein, we present the conservational alternative synthesis of MoWSx via one-step bipolar electrochemical deposition. Through bipolar electrochemistry, the simultaneous fabrication of composition-graded MoWSx hybrids, i.e., sulfur-deficient MoxW(1-x)S2 and MoxW(1-x)S3 (MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic, respectively) under cathodic and anodic overpotentials, was achieved. The best-performing MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic materials exhibited Tafel slopes of 45.7 and 50.5 mV dec-1, together with corresponding HER overpotentials of 315 and 278 mV at -10 mA cm-2. The remarkable HER activities of the composite materials were attributed to their small particle sizes, as well as the near-unity value of their surface Mo/W ratios, which resulted in increased exposed HER-active sites and differing active sites for the concurrent adsorption of protons and desorption of hydrogen gas. The excellent electrocatalytic performances achieved via the novel methodology adopted here encourage the empowerment of electrochemical deposition as the foremost fabrication approach toward functional electrocatalysts for sustainable energy generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41955-41964
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 6

Fingerprint

Electrochemistry
Hydrogen
Catalyst activity
Transition metals
Chemical analysis
Electrocatalysts
Composite materials
Fabrication
Graphite
Sulfur
Graphene
Protons
Desorption
Gases
Particle size
Adsorption

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

@article{3a24272e1d064adba2659cdc0a721fe7,
title = "Composition-Graded MoWSx Hybrids with Tailored Catalytic Activity by Bipolar Electrochemistry",
abstract = "Among transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD)-based composites, TMD/graphene-related material and bichalcogen TMD composites have been widely studied for application toward energy production via the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). However, scarcely any literature explored the possibility of bimetallic TMD hybrids as HER electrocatalysts. The use of harmful chemicals and harsh preparation conditions in conventional syntheses also detracts from the objective of sustainable energy production. Herein, we present the conservational alternative synthesis of MoWSx via one-step bipolar electrochemical deposition. Through bipolar electrochemistry, the simultaneous fabrication of composition-graded MoWSx hybrids, i.e., sulfur-deficient MoxW(1-x)S2 and MoxW(1-x)S3 (MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic, respectively) under cathodic and anodic overpotentials, was achieved. The best-performing MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic materials exhibited Tafel slopes of 45.7 and 50.5 mV dec-1, together with corresponding HER overpotentials of 315 and 278 mV at -10 mA cm-2. The remarkable HER activities of the composite materials were attributed to their small particle sizes, as well as the near-unity value of their surface Mo/W ratios, which resulted in increased exposed HER-active sites and differing active sites for the concurrent adsorption of protons and desorption of hydrogen gas. The excellent electrocatalytic performances achieved via the novel methodology adopted here encourage the empowerment of electrochemical deposition as the foremost fabrication approach toward functional electrocatalysts for sustainable energy generation.",
author = "Tan, {Shu Min} and Martin Pumera",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1021/acsami.7b09435",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "41955--41964",
journal = "ACS applied materials & interfaces",
issn = "1944-8244",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "48",

}

Composition-Graded MoWSx Hybrids with Tailored Catalytic Activity by Bipolar Electrochemistry. / Tan, Shu Min; Pumera, Martin.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 9, No. 48, 06.12.2017, p. 41955-41964.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Composition-Graded MoWSx Hybrids with Tailored Catalytic Activity by Bipolar Electrochemistry

AU - Tan, Shu Min

AU - Pumera, Martin

PY - 2017/12/6

Y1 - 2017/12/6

N2 - Among transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD)-based composites, TMD/graphene-related material and bichalcogen TMD composites have been widely studied for application toward energy production via the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). However, scarcely any literature explored the possibility of bimetallic TMD hybrids as HER electrocatalysts. The use of harmful chemicals and harsh preparation conditions in conventional syntheses also detracts from the objective of sustainable energy production. Herein, we present the conservational alternative synthesis of MoWSx via one-step bipolar electrochemical deposition. Through bipolar electrochemistry, the simultaneous fabrication of composition-graded MoWSx hybrids, i.e., sulfur-deficient MoxW(1-x)S2 and MoxW(1-x)S3 (MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic, respectively) under cathodic and anodic overpotentials, was achieved. The best-performing MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic materials exhibited Tafel slopes of 45.7 and 50.5 mV dec-1, together with corresponding HER overpotentials of 315 and 278 mV at -10 mA cm-2. The remarkable HER activities of the composite materials were attributed to their small particle sizes, as well as the near-unity value of their surface Mo/W ratios, which resulted in increased exposed HER-active sites and differing active sites for the concurrent adsorption of protons and desorption of hydrogen gas. The excellent electrocatalytic performances achieved via the novel methodology adopted here encourage the empowerment of electrochemical deposition as the foremost fabrication approach toward functional electrocatalysts for sustainable energy generation.

AB - Among transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD)-based composites, TMD/graphene-related material and bichalcogen TMD composites have been widely studied for application toward energy production via the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). However, scarcely any literature explored the possibility of bimetallic TMD hybrids as HER electrocatalysts. The use of harmful chemicals and harsh preparation conditions in conventional syntheses also detracts from the objective of sustainable energy production. Herein, we present the conservational alternative synthesis of MoWSx via one-step bipolar electrochemical deposition. Through bipolar electrochemistry, the simultaneous fabrication of composition-graded MoWSx hybrids, i.e., sulfur-deficient MoxW(1-x)S2 and MoxW(1-x)S3 (MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic, respectively) under cathodic and anodic overpotentials, was achieved. The best-performing MoWSx/BPEcathodic and MoWSx/BPEanodic materials exhibited Tafel slopes of 45.7 and 50.5 mV dec-1, together with corresponding HER overpotentials of 315 and 278 mV at -10 mA cm-2. The remarkable HER activities of the composite materials were attributed to their small particle sizes, as well as the near-unity value of their surface Mo/W ratios, which resulted in increased exposed HER-active sites and differing active sites for the concurrent adsorption of protons and desorption of hydrogen gas. The excellent electrocatalytic performances achieved via the novel methodology adopted here encourage the empowerment of electrochemical deposition as the foremost fabrication approach toward functional electrocatalysts for sustainable energy generation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037673724&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85037673724&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acsami.7b09435

DO - 10.1021/acsami.7b09435

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85037673724

VL - 9

SP - 41955

EP - 41964

JO - ACS applied materials & interfaces

JF - ACS applied materials & interfaces

SN - 1944-8244

IS - 48

ER -