Compositional dependence of structural and electronic properties of Cu 2ZnSn(S,Se)4 alloys for thin film solar cells

Shiyou Chen, Aron Walsh, Ji Hui Yang, X. G. Gong, Lin Sun, Ping Xiong Yang, Jun Hao Chu, Su Huai Wei

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368 Citations (Scopus)


A thin-film solar cell based on Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTSSe) alloy was recently found to exhibit a light to electricity conversion efficiency of 10%, making it competitive with the more mature Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 based technologies. We study the compositional dependence of the physical properties of CZTSSe alloys through first-principles calculations and find that these mixed-anion alloys are highly miscible with low enthalpies of formation, and the cations maintain the same ordering preferences as the parent compounds Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu2ZnSnSe4. The band gap of the CZTSSe alloy decreases with the Se content almost linearly, and the band alignment between Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu 2ZnSnSe4 is of type I, which allows for more facile n-type and p-type doping for alloys with high Se content. Based on these results we analyze the influence of composition on the efficiency of CZTSSe solar cells and explain the high efficiency of the cells with high Se content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125201
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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