Compression angle of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and its clinical significance in cervical myelopathy

Nam Lee, Do Heum Yoon, Keung Nyun Kim, Hyun Chul Shin, Dong Ah Shin, Yoon Ha

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Abstract

Objectives: The correction of clinical and radiologic abnormalities in patients with symptomatic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is the current mainstay of treatment. This study aimed to identify radiographic predictors of severity of myelopathy in patients with symptomatic OPLL. Methods: Fifty patients with symptomatic cervical OPLL were enrolled. Based on Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores, patients were divided into either the mild myelopathy (n=31) or severe myelopathy (n=19) group. All subjects underwent preoperative plain cervical roentgenogram, computed tomography (CT), and MR imaging (MRI). Radiological parameters (C2-7 sagittal vertical axis, SVA; C2-7 Cobb angle; C2-7 range of motion, ROM; OPLL occupying ratio; and compression angle) were compared. Compression angle of OPLL was defined as the angle between the cranial and caudal surfaces of OPLL at the maximum level of cord compression Results: The occupying ratio of the spinal canal, C2-7 Cobb angle, C2-7 SVA, types of OPLL, and C2-7 ROM of the cervical spine were not statistically different between the two groups. However, the OPLL compression angle was significantly greater (p=0.003) in the severe myelopathy group than in the mild myelopathy group and was inversely correlated with JOA score (r=-0.533, p<0.01). Furthermore, multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the compression angle (B=-0.069, p<0.001) was significantly associated with JOA scores (R=0.647, p<0.005). Conclusion: Higher compression angles of OPLL have deleterious effects on the spinal cord and decrease preoperative JOA scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-477
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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